Arachidonic acid release by basophilic leukemia cells and macrophages stimulated by Ca2+ ionophores, antigen and diacylglycerol: essential role for protein kinase C and prevention by glucocorticosteroids.

Abstract

The role of protein kinase C in phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activation in rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBL-2H3) and macrophages was investigated. 12-O-Tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) doubled ionomycin-induced PLA2 activity, assessed by [3H]arachidonate release. Protein kinase C inhibitors, staurosporine and K252a (100 nM) or H-7 (15 micrograms/ml) inhibited ionomycin-stimulation of PLA2 activity by 62, 75 and 80%, respectively. Down-regulation of protein kinase C by prolonged treatment with TPA inhibited Ca2(+)-ionophore A23187 or antigen-stimulation of [3H]arachidonate release by 80%. We examined whether the inhibitory effect of dexamethasone (DEX) on PLA2 activity is related to modulation of protein kinase C activity. The 50% inhibition by DEX of ionomycin elevation of [3H]arachidonate release was almost overcome by addition of TPA. The Ca2+ ionophore and antigen-induced increase in [3H]TPA binding to intact RBL cells was not impaired by DEX. However, DEX markedly reduced phosphorylation of several proteins. 1-Oleoyl-2-acetyl-glycerol (OAG) had a sustained stimulatory effect on PLA2 activity in isolated plasma membranes derived from treated bone-marrow intact mouse macrophages, while both DEX and staurosporine reduced elevated PLA2 activity by 68 and 84%, respectively. The results support an essential role for protein kinase C in regulation of PLA2 activity.

Statistics

0100200'93'96'99'02'05'08'11'14'17
Citations per Year

311 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 311 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Zor1991ArachidonicAR, title={Arachidonic acid release by basophilic leukemia cells and macrophages stimulated by Ca2+ ionophores, antigen and diacylglycerol: essential role for protein kinase C and prevention by glucocorticosteroids.}, author={Uriel Zor and Eun Ja Her and T Harell and Gunter Fischer and Zvi Naor and P. Pierre Braquet and Ernst Ferber and Nachum Reiss}, journal={Biochimica et biophysica acta}, year={1991}, volume={1091 3}, pages={385-92} }