Aqueous ammonia pretreatment, saccharification, and fermentation evaluation of oil palm fronds for ethanol production.

@article{Jung2012AqueousAP,
  title={Aqueous ammonia pretreatment, saccharification, and fermentation evaluation of oil palm fronds for ethanol production.},
  author={Young Hoon Jung and Sooah Kim and Taek Ho Yang and Hee Jong Lee and Doyoung Seung and Yong-Cheol Park and Jin-Ho Seo and I. Choi and Kyoung Heon Kim},
  journal={Bioprocess and biosystems engineering},
  year={2012},
  volume={35 9},
  pages={1497-503}
}
Oil palm fronds are the most abundant lignocellulosic biomass in Malaysia. In this study, fronds were tested as the potential renewable biomass for ethanol production. The soaking in aqueous ammonia pretreatment was applied, and the fermentability of pretreated fronds was evaluated using simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. The optimal pretreatment conditions were 7 % (w/w) ammonia, 80 °C, 20 h of pretreatment, and 1:12 S/L ratio, where the enzymatic digestibility was 41.4 % with… CONTINUE READING