Aquatic hazard assessment of a commercial sample of naphthenic acids.

  title={Aquatic hazard assessment of a commercial sample of naphthenic acids.},
  author={James P. Swigert and Carol Lee and Diana C. L. Wong and Russell A. White and Alan G. Scarlett and Charles Edward West and Steven John Rowland},
This paper presents chemical composition and aquatic toxicity characteristics of a commercial sample of naphthenic acids (NAs). Naphthenic acids are derived from the refining of petroleum middle distillates and can contribute to refinery effluent toxicity. NAs are also present in oil sands process-affected water (OSPW), but differences in the NAs compositions from these sources precludes using a common aquatic toxicity dataset to represent the aquatic hazards of NAs from both origins. Our… CONTINUE READING


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