Aquaporin-4 in hepatic encephalopathy

Brain edema is a critical component of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) associated with acute liver failure and such edema appears to be principally due to astrocyte swelling (cytotoxic edema). Ammonia is believed to represent a major factor responsible for astrocyte swelling, although the mechanisms by which ammonia causes such swelling are not completely… CONTINUE READING

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