Apulian Bronze Age pottery as a long-distance indicator of the Avellino Pumice eruption (Vesuvius, Italy)

  title={Apulian Bronze Age pottery as a long-distance indicator of the Avellino Pumice eruption (Vesuvius, Italy)},
  author={R. Cioni and S. Levi and R. Sulpizio},
  journal={Geological Society, London, Special Publications},
  pages={159 - 177}
Abstract During the Bronze Age, Vesuvius had a Plinian eruption whose deposits are known as the Avellino Pumice. The eruption spread a blanket of white and grey pumice across southern Italy, and there was a severe impact on proximal areas. Assessment of volcanological factors for the Plinian phase gives intensities of 5.7 × 107 kg s−1 for the white pumice phase and 1.7 × 108 kg s−1 for the grey pumice phase, corresponding to column heights of 23 and 31 km, respectively. Volume (magnitude… Expand
Robust date for the Bronze Age Avellino eruption (Somma-Vesuvius): 3945 ± 10 calBP (1995 ± 10 calBC)
We found Bronze Age lake sediments from the Agro Pontino graben (Central Italy) to contain a thin (2-3 cm) continuous tephra layer composed of lithics, crystals and minor volcanic glass.Expand
Dynamics and effects of the Vesuvius Pomici di Avellino Plinian eruption and related phenomena on the Bronze Age landscape of Campania region (Southern Italy)
Abstract The Pomici di Avellino eruption is the Plinian event of Vesuvius with the highest territorial impact. It affected an area densely inhabited by Early Bronze Age human communities and resultedExpand
Magma degassing and eruption dynamics of the Avellino pumice Plinian eruption of Somma-Vesuvius (Italy). Comparison with the Pompeii eruption
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Contrasting styles of Mount Vesuvius activity in the period between the Avellino and Pompeii Plinian eruptions, and some implications for assessment of future hazards
Abstract.Intense explosive activity occurred repeatedly at Vesuvius during the nearly 1,600-year period between the two Plinian eruptions of Avellino (3.5 ka) and Pompeii (79 A.D.). By correlatingExpand
Age and whole rock–glass compositions of proximal pyroclastics from the major explosive eruptions of Somma-Vesuvius: A review as a tool for distal tephrostratigraphy
Abstract A review of compositional data of the major explosive eruptions of Vesuvius is presented, comparing compositions (major elements) of whole rock with glass shards from the proximal deposits,Expand
The Pomici di Avellino eruption of Somma-Vesuvius (3.9 ka bp). Part I: stratigraphy, compositional variability and eruptive dynamics
The stratigraphic succession of the Pomici di Avellino Plinian eruption from Somma-Vesuvius has been studied through field and laboratory data in order to reconstruct the eruption dynamics. ThisExpand
Pyroclastic flow hazard assessment at Somma–Vesuvius based on the geological record
During the past 22 ka of activity at Somma–Vesuvius, catastrophic pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) have been generated repeatedly. Examples are those that destroyed the towns of Pompeii andExpand
The Pomici di Avellino eruption of Somma–Vesuvius (3.9 ka BP). Part II: sedimentology and physical volcanology of pyroclastic density current deposits
Pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) generated during the Plinian eruption of the Pomici di Avellino (PdA) of Somma–Vesuvius were investigated through field and laboratory studies, which allowed theExpand
The Afragola settlement near Vesuvius, Italy: The destruction and abandonment of a Bronze Age village revealed by archaeology, volcanology and rock-magnetism
Abstract Public works in progress in the Campanian plain north of Somma-Vesuvius recently encountered the remains of a prehistoric settlement close to the town of Afragola. Rescue excavations broughtExpand
Magmatic History of Somma–Vesuvius on the Basis of New Geochemical and Isotopic Data from a Deep Borehole (Camaldoli della Torre)
A continuous-coring borehole recently drilled at Camaldoli dellaTorre on the southern slopes of Somma^Vesuvius provides constraints on the volcanic and magmatic history of the Vesuvian volcanic areaExpand


Two Plinian Pumice-Fall Deposits from Somma-Vesuvius, Italy
Two of the major pumice-fall deposits of Somma-Vesuvius are described. One, the Pompei Pumice, resulted from the classic eruption of A.D. 79, which is taken as the type example of a Plinian eruption.Expand
The Taupo pumice: Product of the most powerful known (ultraplinian) eruption?
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Abstract A detailed stratigraphic analysis of the Avellino plinian deposit of the Somma-Vesuvius volcano shows a complicated eruptive sequence controlled by a combination of magmatic andExpand
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THE eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 (as described by Pliny) is the archetype1–4 of explosive 'plinian' eruptions which can cause recur-rent local destruction and which may affect global climate throughExpand
The Pomici di Base plinian eruption of Somma-Vesuvius
Abstract The Pomici di Base eruption represents the first of a series of plinian eruptions which occurred at Somma-Vesuvius in the period 20,000 yr B.P.–79 A.D. These eruptions led to substantialExpand
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The earliest activity of Monte Vulture, central Italy, included ignimbrites but the bulk of the volcano was built up by plinian airfall deposits. Contemporaneous remobilisation of these depositsExpand
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The pumice-fall deposits of the last two Plinian eruptions of Vesuvius-a.d. 79 “Pompei” and 3700 b.p. “Avellino”-show a marked vertical compositional variation from white phonolite at the base toExpand
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There have been at least 35 rhyolitic plinian eruptions in the last 50 kyr from 2 volcanic centres in Taupo Volcanic Zone (TVZ), New Zealand. To determine the total volume of erupted material,Expand