Approximate Truth and Truthlikeness

  title={Approximate Truth and Truthlikeness},
  author={R. Hilpinen},
Our standard logic is two-valued: every meaningful statement is regarded as being either true or false. Thus it may seem pointless or misleading to speak of degrees of truth or of partial truth. Nevertheless these expressions are commonplace in writings on epistomology and the philosophy of science, and it has been argued that an explication of the concept of partial truth is necessary for an adequate analysis and understanding of scientific method. For instance, in his book The Myth of… Expand
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The goal of inquiry is to possess the truth. There is apparently a tension here between two conflicting demands: depth (we want deep, not superficial, truth) and certainty (we want assurance ofExpand
  • David Pearce
  • Mathematics
  • The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 1983
In this note I wish to consider an interesting problem arising in the theory of truthlikeness or verisimilitude, and to comment on a curious argument of Oddie [1981] that relates to the problem.Expand
Probabilistic truthlikeness, content elements, and meta-inductive probability optimization
The paper starts with the distinction between conjunction-of-parts accounts and disjunction-of-possibilities accounts to truthlikeness (Sects. 1, 2). In Sect. 3, three distinctions between kinds ofExpand
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  • T. Weston
  • Mathematics
  • Philosophy of Science
  • 1992
This paper describes a theory of accuracy or approximate truth and applies it to problems in the realist interpretation of scientific theories. It argues not only that realism requires approximateExpand
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The main question addressed in this paper is whether some false sentences can constitute evidence for the truth of other propositions. In this paper it is argued that there are good reasons toExpand
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An analysis of old and new debates about the truthlikeness ordering of conjunctive theories and a critical assessment of Oddie’s new defense of the average measure and Kuipers’ refined definition of truth approximation are given. Expand
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  • I. Niiniluoto
  • Mathematics
  • PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1982
The most elaborate recent accounts of truthlikeness (verisimilitude) apply this notion primarily to generalizations in first-order languages with qualitative predicates. This paper outlines a newExpand
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The modern discussion on the notion of 'truthlikeness' was started in 1960. In his Word and Object, W. V. Quine argued that Peirce's definition of truth as the limit of inquiry is faulty for theExpand
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Hedges: A Study In Meaning Criteria And The Logic Of Fuzzy Concepts
Students of language, especially psychologists and linguistic philosophers, have long been attuned to the fact that natural language concepts have vague boundaries and fuzzy edges and that, consequently, natural language sentences will very often be neither true, nor false, nor nonsensical. Expand
Quantitative fuzzy semantics
  • L. Zadeh
  • Computer Science, Mathematics
  • Inf. Sci.
  • 1971
The point of departure in this paper is the definition of a language, L, as a fuzzy relation from a set of terms, T = x, to a universe of discourse, U = y. As a fuzzy relation, L is characterized byExpand
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