Approximate Truth and Truthlikeness

  title={Approximate Truth and Truthlikeness},
  author={Risto Hilpinen},
Our standard logic is two-valued: every meaningful statement is regarded as being either true or false. Thus it may seem pointless or misleading to speak of degrees of truth or of partial truth. Nevertheless these expressions are commonplace in writings on epistomology and the philosophy of science, and it has been argued that an explication of the concept of partial truth is necessary for an adequate analysis and understanding of scientific method. For instance, in his book The Myth of… 


  • David Pearce
  • Philosophy
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
  • 1983
In this note I wish to consider an interesting problem arising in the theory of truthlikeness or verisimilitude, and to comment on a curious argument of Oddie [1981] that relates to the problem.

Probabilistic truthlikeness, content elements, and meta-inductive probability optimization

The paper starts with the distinction between conjunction-of-parts accounts and disjunction-of-possibilities accounts to truthlikeness (Sects. 1, 2). In Sect. 3, three distinctions between kinds of

Approximate Truth and Scientific Realism

This paper describes a theory of accuracy or approximate truth and applies it to problems in the realist interpretation of scientific theories. It argues not only that realism requires approximate

Approximate Truth, Quasi-Factivity, and Evidence

The main question addressed in this paper is whether some false sentences can constitute evidence for the truth of other propositions. In this paper it is argued that there are good reasons to

Truthlikeness: old and new debates

An analysis of old and new debates about the truthlikeness ordering of conjunctive theories and a critical assessment of Oddie’s new defense of the average measure and Kuipers’ refined definition of truth approximation are given.

Truthlikeness for probabilistic laws

Truthlikeness is a property of a theory or a proposition that represents its closeness to the truth. We start by summarizing Niiniluoto’s (Truthlikeness, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1987) proposal of

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A critical comparison of strongly semantic information and related notions, like truth, verisimilitude, and partial truth is offered.

Truthlikeness for Quantitative Statements

  • I. Niiniluoto
  • Philosophy
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association
  • 1982
The most elaborate recent accounts of truthlikeness (verisimilitude) apply this notion primarily to generalizations in first-order languages with qualitative predicates. This paper outlines a new

Truthlikeness: Comments on recent discussion

The modern discussion on the notion of 'truthlikeness' was started in 1960. In his Word and Object, W. V. Quine argued that Peirce's definition of truth as the limit of inquiry is faulty for the



Hedges: A study in meaning criteria and the logic of fuzzy concepts

Any attempt to limit truth conditions for natural language sentences to true, false and "nonsense' will distort the natural language concepts by portraying them as having sharply defined rather than fuzzily defined boundaries.

Quantitative fuzzy semantics