Approval and disapproval: infant responsiveness to vocal affect in familiar and unfamiliar languages.

@article{Fernald1993ApprovalAD,
  title={Approval and disapproval: infant responsiveness to vocal affect in familiar and unfamiliar languages.},
  author={Anne Fernald},
  journal={Child development},
  year={1993},
  volume={64 3},
  pages={657-74}
}
In a series of 5 auditory preference experiments, 120 5-month-old infants were presented with Approval and Prohibition vocalizations in infant-directed (ID) and adult-directed (AD) English, and in ID speech in nonsense English and 3 unfamiliar languages, German, Italian, and Japanese. Dependent measures were looking-time to the side of stimulus presentation, and positive and negative facial affect. No consistent differences in looking-time were found. However, infants showed small but… CONTINUE READING
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