Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere

@article{Barnosky2012ApproachingAS,
  title={Approaching a state shift in Earth’s biosphere},
  author={A. Barnosky and E. Hadly and J. Bascompte and E. Berlow and J. Brown and M. Fortelius and W. Getz and J. Harte and A. Hastings and P. Marquet and Neo D. Martinez and A. Mooers and P. Roopnarine and G. Vermeij and John W. Williams and R. Gillespie and J. Kitzes and C. Marshall and N. Matzke and D. Mindell and E. Revilla and Adam B. Smith},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2012},
  volume={486},
  pages={52-58}
}
Localized ecological systems are known to shift abruptly and irreversibly from one state to another when they are forced across critical thresholds. Here we review evidence that the global ecosystem as a whole can react in the same way and is approaching a planetary-scale critical transition as a result of human influence. The plausibility of a planetary-scale ‘tipping point’ highlights the need to improve biological forecasting by detecting early warning signs of critical transitions on global… Expand
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