Approaches to catheter ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation.

BACKGROUND Catheter ablation is less successful for persistent atrial fibrillation than for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Guidelines suggest that adjuvant substrate modification in addition to pulmonary-vein isolation is required in persistent atrial fibrillation. METHODS We randomly assigned 589 patients with persistent atrial fibrillation in a 1:4:4… CONTINUE READING