Approach to angiogenesis inhibition based on cyclooxygenase-2.

Two cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms have been identified: COX-1 and COX-2. COX-1 is the constitutively expressed form of the enzyme and is ubiquitous in its distribution. COX-2 is inducible and is present in inflammatory foci, tumors, and neovasculature. Expression of COX-2 appears to be important in tumor promotion, growth, and metastasis. It is up-regulated… (More)