Appraising Loftus and Palmer (1974) Post-Event Information versus Concurrent Commentary in the Context of Sport

  title={Appraising Loftus and Palmer (1974) Post-Event Information versus Concurrent Commentary in the Context of Sport},
  author={Nadav Goldschmied and Mark Sheptock and Kacey Kim and Yair Galily},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
  pages={2347 - 2356}
Two experiments were conducted to examine framing effects in sport. In Experiment 1, a conceptual replication [Loftus, E. F., & Palmer, J. C. (1974). Reconstruction of automobile destruction: An example of the interaction between language and memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13(5), 585–589], participants watched a hockey collision, with the hit described later in a written format as a “contact”, “bump”, or “smash”. This manipulation resulted in no differences in… 
“In your face”: The transition from physical to symbolic violence among NBA players
The NBA has undergone formative changes since commissioner David Stern began his tenure. Stern has endeavored to make the NBA a consumer-friendly and marketable league by implementing sanctions on
Stylistic choices in true-crime documentaries: the duty of responsibility between filmmaker and audience
ABSTRACT Documentary films and the law make a well-suited pair, due to four key similarities. Firstly, the accessibility of criminal law and its reliance on familiar concepts of good and evil.
Criminal Responsibility and Neuroscience: No Revolution Yet
Since the 1990’s, neurolaw is on the rise. At the heart of heated debates lies the recurrent theme of a neuro-revolution of criminal responsibility. However, caution should be observed: the alleged
Police Officers’ Interrogation Expertise and Major Objectives in Police Service and Training: A Comprehensive Overview of the Literature
Interrogation is a core task of practical police work. The outcomes of interrogation often provide crucial evidence for solving criminal cases. The success of interrogation depends on interactions


The Role of Mental Imagery in the Creation of False Childhood Memories
We investigated whether guided imagery instructions would increase the likelihood of false memory creation and of remembering previously unremembered true events. In three interviews, participants
A Developmental Inquiry into the Effects of Postevent Information on Eyewitness Accounts
Abstract Children in the first through eighth grades (n = 128) and college students (n = 32) viewed a film depicting an automobile collision and were subsequently asked to estimate the speed of one
Commentary and viewer perception of player hostility: Adding punch to televised sports
This study explored the impact of television commentary on viewers’ perceptions and enjoyment of player hostility, including violent behavior, in the context of a less combative sport. Effects of
Planting misinformation in the human mind: a 30-year investigation of the malleability of memory.
This review of the field ends with a brief discussion of the newer work involving misinformation that has explored the processes by which people come to believe falsely that they experienced rich complex events that never, in fact, occurred.
Variations in Severity of Verbs and Eyewitnesses' Testimony: An Alternative Interpretation
96 subjects viewed three different videotaped sequences and then received testimony questions which manipulated the rated severity of verbs used to describe each event. The effects of such
There has been a rapid and widespread increase in the use of the micro-blogging and social networking platform Twitter ( by professional athletes, sports clubs, leagues and fans.
False memories of childhood experiences.
We conducted two experiments to investigate if college students would create false memories of childhood experiences in response to misleading information and repeated interviews. In both experiments
The question–answer paradigm: You might regret not noticing how a question is worded.
In 2 experiments the authors investigated how verb choice in question formulation influences respondents' answers. These studies show that (a) as hypothesized, the choice of verb type (action vs,
Cognitive Principles of Multimedia Learning: The Role of Modality and Contiguity
Students viewed a computer animation depicting the process of lightning. In Experiment 1, they concurrently viewed on-screen text presented near the animation or far from the animation, or