Applying the Competition Model to bilingualism

@article{MacWhinney1987ApplyingTC,
  title={Applying the Competition Model to bilingualism},
  author={Brian MacWhinney},
  journal={Applied Psycholinguistics},
  year={1987},
  volume={8},
  pages={315 - 327}
}
  • B. MacWhinney
  • Published 1 December 1987
  • Linguistics
  • Applied Psycholinguistics
This special issue brings together a set of four papers devoted to the experimental study of sentence processing by bilinguals in their second language. The basic finding reported in this research is that, in many cases, learners transfer their LI sentence processing strategies onto sentence processing in L2. Moreover, the influence of this transfer can be detected in weakened form even in fluent bilinguals who have spoken L2 for many years. In effect, these studies report on a kind of… 
Extending the Competition Model
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The extended model is designed to account for a larger range of phenomena in first and second language acquisition, including bilingualism, and is viewed as a resonant process that relies on storage, chunking, and support to acquire new mappings.
Processing Strategies in L2 Learners of French: The Role of Transfer
This study compared the comprehension processing strategies of 15 monolingual English native speakers and 8 bilingual French native speakers to 112 second language (L2) learners of French, using
Transfer in bilingual first language acquisition
Much research on bilingual first language acquisition has stressed the role of the dominant or preferred language when the two languages have some influence on one another. The present paper tries to
Sentence Processing in A Second Language: The Timing of Transfer
TLDR
Results indicate that monolingual English speakers depend on word order, often making thematic role assignments immediately after the first noun is encountered, and generally do not attend to morphological information, which indicates that German-based processing strategies are transferred to on-line processing in the second language.
Transfer in bilingual ® rst language acquisition
Much research on bilingual ®rst language acquisition has stressed the role of the dominant or preferred language when the two languages have some in ̄uence on one another. The present paper tries to
The Weaker Language in Simultaneous Bilingualism: Why it is not like L2
TLDR
The hypothesis that children growing up with two languages acquire the weaker language, usually the one that is not shared by the society at large, like a second language is being investigated on the basis of empirical data from bilingual German‐English‐speaking children.
SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNERS’ USE OF GOOD-ENOUGH REPRESENTATION IN GRAMMATICAL PROCESSING
Second language learners’ (hereafter L2ers) first language backgrounds, exposure to L2 input, and cross-linguistically common patterns often play a vital role in their construction of grammatical
The Role of Paradigm Formation in Lexical Acquisition: Towards a Unified Account of Overgeneralization and Transfer Effects
This article argues for a theory of lexical acquisition that takes overgeneralization in monolinguals and syntactic transfer effects in bilinguals to be manifestations of the same underlying
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References

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The Development of Sentence Comprehension Strategies in English and Dutch.
The development of sentence interpretation in Hungarian
The Crosslinguistic Study of Sentence Processing.
Functionalism and the Competition Model ELIZABETH BATES and BRIAN MACWHINNEY The development of sentence interpretation in Hungarian CSABA PLEH and BRIAN MACWHINNEY The development of role assignment
Functional constraints on sentence processing: A cross-linguistic study
A cross-linguistic study of the processing of causative sentences
Pragmatic Patterns in Child Syntax
TLDR
An examination of the role of pragmatic patterns in the syntax of two Hungarian children, Moni and Zoli, and a comparison of these data with results form other languages is concluded.
Basic Syntactic Processes
TLDR
The present chapter attempts to extend the model presented in that earlier paper to the acquisition of word-order patterns, supported by an examination of the previous research on syntactic acquisition.
SECOND‐LANGUAGE ACQUISITION FROM A FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE: PRAGMATIC, SEMANTIC, AND PERCEPTUAL STRATEGIES *
In her 1977 keynote address to the Stanford Child Language Forum, Susan Ervin-Tripp offered some reflections on all the research that has accumulated in the last decade on semantics, pragmatics,
Form-oriented inflectional errors in language processing
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