Applying critical realism in qualitative research: methodology meets method

  title={Applying critical realism in qualitative research: methodology meets method},
  author={Amber J Fletcher},
  journal={International Journal of Social Research Methodology},
  pages={181 - 194}
  • Amber J Fletcher
  • Published 4 March 2017
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of Social Research Methodology
Abstract Critical realism (CR) is a useful philosophical framework for social science; however, little guidance is available on which precise methods – including methods of data collection, coding, and analysis – are best suited to applied CR research. This article provides a concrete example of applied qualitative research using CR as a philosophical and methodological framework. Drawing examples from a study of Canadian farm women’s experiences with agricultural policy, I suggest a flexible… 
Critical realism: what you should know and how to apply it
  • A. Lawani
  • Philosophy
    Qualitative Research Journal
  • 2020
PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to discuss the critical realism (CR) philosophical viewpoint and how it can be applied in qualitative research. CR is a relatively new and viable philosophical
Beyond the empirical and the discursive: The methodological implications of critical realism for street harassment research
Abstract Given its substantial emancipatory and explanatory power, critical realism (CR) is a unique and valuable philosophy of science. Despite its strengths, however, there are few examples of
Critical realism in empirical research: employing techniques from grounded theory methodology
  • E. Hoddy
  • Sociology
    International Journal of Social Research Methodology
  • 2018
ABSTRACT Whilst critical realism (CR) is becoming recognised as a significant meta-theory for the social sciences, there is little guidance on how to produce research which is consistent with its
Critical realism: an explanatory framework for small-scale qualitative studies or an ‘unhelpful edifice’?
  • K. Stutchbury
  • Sociology
    International Journal of Research & Method in Education
  • 2021
This paper describes how critical realism was operationalized to provide an explanatory framework for a small-scale qualitative study in the field of teacher education in a sub-Saharan African
(Re)introducing critical realism as a paradigm to inform qualitative content analysis in causal educational research
Abstract This article contributes to the debate on the empirical applications of critical realism (CR) in school effectiveness research. Researchers that endorse this research paradigm privilege
Guidelines for Conducting a Critical Realist Case Study
The case study is a widely used methodology among qualitative researchers irrespective of their philosophical orientation. While positivist and interpretive philosophies are the two most popular
A realist approach to thematic analysis: making sense of qualitative data through experiential, inferential and dispositional themes
ABSTRACT Thematic analysis (TA) is the most widely used method for analysing qualitative data. Recent debates, highlighting the binary distinctions between reflexive TA grounded within the
Applying critical realism in spirituality at work research
Purpose This study aims to demonstrate how critical realism (CR) can be used in spirituality at work (SAW) research and to provide a practical example of CR in SAW research.
Critical realism and constructivism: merging research paradigms for a deeper qualitative study
PurposeTraditional approaches in qualitative research have adopted one research paradigm linked to an established typology. This paper addresses the unconventional application of two research
Grounded Theory Methodology and Grounded Theory Method: Introduction to the Special Issue
ABSTRACT This introduction attempts to link discussions of grounded theory (GT) as a strategy (i.e., “method” in the narrower sense of technique, m) to a broader literature important for sociological


Studying Organizations Using Critical Realism: A Practical Guide
Foreword 1. Critical Realism as an Empirical Project: A Beginner s Guide 2. Critical Realism, Research Techniques, and Research Designs 3. Employing a Form of Critical Realist Discourse Analysis for
Critical Realist Grounded Theory: A New Approach for Social Work Research
This article explores the potential for grounded theory to be adapted for use within a critical realist paradigm. Critical realism can provide a solid philosophical framework for social work
The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research
Most writing on sociological method has been concerned with how accurate facts can be obtained and how theory can thereby be more rigorously tested. In The Discovery of Grounded Theory, Barney Glaser
Critical realism and realist research in human geography: a method or a philosophy in search of a method?
Recent philosophical debates in human geography tend to misappropriate critical realism as a method per se. Drawing upon an extensive review of the realist philosophy and method in social science,
Integrating critical realist and feminist methodologies : ethical and analytical dilemmas
This paper reflects on research carried out with a group of women receiving intensive family support aimed at addressing the cause of their family's 'anti-social behaviour'. The methodological
From the Editors: What Grounded Theory is Not
Editor’s Note. Three years ago, I invited Robert (Bob) Gephart to write a “From the Editors” column designed to help authors improve their chances of success when submitting qualitative research to
Critical Realism: An Introduction to Roy Bhaskar's Philosophy
This text offers a user's guide to the philosophical work of Roy Bhaskar. The author expounds the main concepts of Bhaskar's work and defends his theory of knowledge. Part One deals with the
A Realist Approach For Qualitative Research
Preface: The Value of Realism for Qualitative Research Acknowledgments About the Author Part I: A Realist Stance for Qualitative Research Chapter 1: What Is Realism, and Why Should Qualitative
Making realism work : realist social theory and empirical research
Introduction: Realist Social Theory and Empirical Research Part 1: Methodology and Measurement Introduction 1. Evidence-Based Policy: A Realist Perspective 2. Complex and Contingent Causation: The
Reflections on critical realism in political economy
This paper studies critical realism in political economy. The focal points are two important tensions in critical realism. The first tension relates generally to the status and importance of