Applying a science‐based systems perspective to dispel misconceptions about climate effects of forest bioenergy

@article{Cowie2021ApplyingAS,
  title={Applying a science‐based systems perspective to dispel misconceptions about climate effects of forest bioenergy},
  author={Annette L. Cowie and G{\"o}ran Berndes and Niclas Scott Bentsen and Miguel Brand{\~a}o and Francesco Cherubini and Gustaf Egnell and Brendan Hugh George and Leif Gustavsson and Marc Hanewinkel and Zoe M. Harris and Filip Johnsson and Martin Junginger and Keith L. Kline and Kati Koponen and Jaap Koppejan and Florian Kraxner and Patrick Lamers and Stefan Majer and Eric S. Marland and Gert‐Jan Nabuurs and Luc Pelkmans and Roger Sathre and Marcus Schaub and Charles Smith and Sampo Soimakallio and Floor van der Hilst and Jeremy Woods and Fabiano A. Ximenes},
  journal={GCB Bioenergy},
  year={2021},
  volume={13}
}
The scientific literature contains contrasting findings about the climate effects of forest bioenergy, partly due to the wide diversity of bioenergy systems and associated contexts, but also due to differences in assessment methods. The climate effects of bioenergy must be accurately assessed to inform policy‐making, but the complexity of bioenergy systems and associated land, industry and energy systems raises challenges for assessment. We examine misconceptions about climate effects of forest… 
Assessing the potential for unaccounted emissions from bioenergy and the implications for forests: The United States and global
Development of the bioenergy sector is being actively pursued in many countries as a means to reduce climate change and fulfill international climate agreements such as the Paris Agreement. Although
Changes in perspective needed to forge ‘no‐regret’ forest‐based climate change mitigation strategies
Forest‐based mitigation strategies will play a pivotal role in achieving the rapid and deep net‐emission reductions required to prevent catastrophic climate change. However, large disagreement
On the role of forests and the forest sector for climate change mitigation in Sweden
We analyse the short‐ and long‐term consequences for atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations of forest management strategies and forest product uses in Sweden by comparing the modelled
Substitution impacts of wood use at the market level: a systematic review
There is strong evidence that wood-based products are typically associated with lower fossil-based emissions over their lifecycle than functionally equivalent products made from other materials.
Closing an open balance: The impact of increased tree harvest on forest carbon
Fossil‐based emissions can be avoided by using wood in place of non‐renewable raw materials as energy and materials. However, wood harvest influences forest carbon stocks. Increased harvest may
Cascading Crypthecodinium cohnii Biorefinery: Global Warming Potential and Techno-Economic Assessment
Prior to the commissioning of a new industrial biorefinery it is deemed necessary to evaluate if the new project will be beneficial or detrimental to climate change, one of the main drivers for the
Exploring the limits to sustainable pellet production for international markets: The impact of increasing pellet production in the US Southeast on feedstock use, production cost and carbon sequestration in forest areas
With rising demand for wood pellets from the US Southeast (US SE), the environmental limits to additional biomass demand are increasingly questioned. This study analyses the impact of increased
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 261 REFERENCES
The climate effect of increased forest bioenergy use in Sweden: evaluation at different spatial and temporal scales
Bioenergy from boreal forests managed for productive purposes (e.g., pulp, timber) is commonly held to offer attractive options for climate change mitigation. However, this view has been challenged
Bioenergy and climate change mitigation: an assessment
Bioenergy deployment offers significant potential for climate change mitigation, but also carries considerable risks. In this review, we bring together perspectives of various communities involved in
A global meta‐analysis of forest bioenergy greenhouse gas emission accounting studies
The potential greenhouse gas benefits of displacing fossil energy with biofuels are driving policy development in the absence of complete information. The potential carbon neutrality of forest
Bioenergy and land use change—state of the art
Bioenergy projects can lead to direct and indirect land use change (LUC), which can substantially affect greenhouse gas balances with both beneficial and adverse outcomes for bioenergy's contribution
Quantifying the climate effects of bioenergy – Choice of reference system
Climate change mitigation through forest sector activities: principles, potential and priorities
Unasylva 246, Vol. 67, 2016/1 Applying three principles will help develop effective climate change mitigation strategies, including the role of harvested wood products and avoided emissions.
Carbon balances of bioenergy systems using biomass from forests managed with long rotations: bridging the gap between stand and landscape assessments
Studies report different findings concerning the climate benefits of bioenergy, in part due to varying scope and use of different approaches to define spatial and temporal system boundaries. We
The burning question: does forest bioenergy reduce carbon emissions? A review of common misconceptions about forest carbon accounting.
Critical errors exist in some methodologies applied to evaluate the effects of using forest biomass for bioenergy on atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions. The most common error is failing to consider
Carbon debt and payback time – Lost in the forest?
...
...