Applying Uncertain Science to Nature-Based Coastal Protection: Lessons From Shallow Wetland-Dominated Shores

@article{Mller2019ApplyingUS,
  title={Applying Uncertain Science to Nature-Based Coastal Protection: Lessons From Shallow Wetland-Dominated Shores},
  author={Iris M{\"o}ller},
  journal={Frontiers in Environmental Science},
  year={2019}
}
  • I. Möller
  • Published 2019
  • Geography
  • Frontiers in Environmental Science
Climate change and associated sea-level rise alongside the potential for alterations in the magnitude and frequency of extreme storm events, rapidly rising coastal populations, and a legacy of coastal land reclamation have led to the consideration of nature-based approaches towards coastal flood and erosion protection over recent years. The descriptions of such approaches highlight the flood protection value of natural coastal features but examples of their implementation remain few and far… Expand

Figures from this paper

Impact of Management Regime and Regime Change on Gravel Barrier Response to a Major Storm Surge
Gravel barriers represent physiographic, hydrographic, sedimentary, and ecological boundaries between inshore and open marine offshore environments, where they provide numerous important functions.Expand
Coastal wetlands mitigate storm flooding and associated costs in estuaries
As storm-driven coastal flooding increases under climate change, wetlands such as saltmarshes are held as a nature-based solution. Yet evidence supporting wetlands’ storm protection role inExpand
Benthic-based contributions to climate change mitigation and adaptation
TLDR
It is argued that this position ignores the importance of complex ecological interactions across a range of temporal and spatial scales and misses the substantive contribution from marine ecosystems, which are notably absent from most climate mitigation and adaptation strategies that extend beyond coastal disaster management. Expand
Monitoring the coastal wetlands dynamics in Northeast Italy from 1984 to 2016
Abstract The Adriatic coast of Northeast Italy is one of the representative areas holding high ecological value in the Mediterranean. In this research, we have monitored the environmental change ofExpand
Vulnerability to sea-level rise and the potential for restoration to enhance blue carbon storage in salt marshes of an urban estuary
Abstract Coastal wetlands are vulnerable to sea-level rise (SLR) but are also valued for their potential to provide effective nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation.Expand
Aquaculture farms as nature-based coastal protection: Random wave attenuation by suspended and submerged canopies
Abstract As the frequency and intensity of storms increase, a growing need exists for resilient shore protection techniques that have both environmental and economic benefits. In addition toExpand
The Sensitivity of a Dike-Marsh System to Sea-Level Rise—A Model-Based Exploration
Integrating natural components in flood defence infrastructure can add resilience to sea-level rise. Natural foreshores can keep pace with sea-level rise by accumulating sediment and attenuate wavesExpand
Multiple pressures and their combined effects in Europe's seas
This report presents for the first time in Europe an overview of anthropogenic pressures and their combined effects in Europe’s seas. The assessment covers the period of 2011-2016 but also presentsExpand
Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Protect Avian Species in Coastal Communities in the Greater Niagara Region, Canada
Coastal communities are increasingly vulnerable to climate change and its effects may push coastal ecosystems to undergo irreversible changes. This is especially true for shorebirds with the loss ofExpand
Understanding the value and limits of nature-based solutions to climate change and other global challenges
TLDR
The rise of NbS in climate policy is highlighted—focusing on their potential for climate change adaptation as well as mitigation—and barriers to their evidence-based implementation are discussed, highlighting avenues for further research. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 40 REFERENCES
The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Flood Damage Reduction in the Northeastern USA
TLDR
This study uses high-resolution flood and loss models to quantify the impacts of coastal wetlands in the northeastern USA on regional flood damages by Hurricane Sandy and local annual flood losses in Barnegat Bay in Ocean County, New Jersey. Expand
Global coastal wetland change under sea-level rise and related stresses: The DIVA Wetland Change Model
The Dynamic Interactive Vulnerability Assessment Wetland Change Model (DIVA_WCM) comprises a dataset of contemporary global coastal wetland stocks (estimated at 756 × 103 km2 (in 2011)), mapped to aExpand
Managed Realignment : A Viable Long-Term Coastal Management Strategy?
Climate change and environmental and financial concerns have led to a shift from the traditional ‘hold-the-line’ approach of coastal protection towards more flexible soft engineering options. ManagedExpand
Salt marsh surface survives true-to-scale simulated storm surges
A full-scale controlled experiment was conducted on an excavated and re-assembled coastal wetland surface, typicalof floristically diverse northwest European saltmarsh. The experiment was undertakenExpand
Coastal risk adaptation: the potential role of accessible geospatial Big Data
TLDR
‘Big Data’ does not provide a stand-alone solution to the issues and gaps outlined in this paper, yet these technological methods hold the potential to optimise data-driven approaches, enabling robust risk profiles to be generated for coastal regions. Expand
Mangroves, Tropical Cyclones, and Coastal Hazard Risk Reduction
Risks from coastal hazards to people and property are expected to increase with near-future sea level rise, changes in storminess, and increasing coastal populations. Evidence from empirical andExpand
Morphodynamics of Holocene salt marshes: a review sketch from the Atlantic and Southern North Sea coasts of Europe
Abstract Salt marshes, most now embanked, together with genetically related wetlands and high intertidal flats, make a major environmental contribution to the lowland coasts of Northwest Europe. TheyExpand
Quantifying saltmarsh vegetation and its effect on wave height dissipation: Results from a UK East coast saltmarsh
Abstract The degree to which incident wind waves are attenuated over intertidal surfaces is critical to the development of coastal wetlands, which are, amongst other processes, affected by theExpand
Ocean Solutions to Address Climate Change and Its Effects on Marine Ecosystems
The Paris Agreement target of limiting global surface warming to 1.5–2∘C compared to pre-industrial levels by 2100 will still heavily impact the ocean. While ambitious mitigation and adaptation areExpand
Wetland carbon storage controlled by millennial-scale variation in relative sea-level rise
TLDR
It is suggested that coastal wetlands characteristic of tectonically stable coastlines have lower carbon storage owing to a lack of accommodation space and that carbon sequestration increases according to the vertical and lateral accommodation space created by RSLR. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...