Application of the induced exposure method to compare risks of traffic crashes among different types of drivers under different environmental conditions.

Abstract

The authors used the induced exposure method to compare risks of traffic crashes among different types of Spanish drivers under different environmental conditions. The authors analyzed traffic crashes recorded by the Spanish Dirección General de Tráfico for the years 1991 and 1992 to compare proportions of drivers in different age/sex categories who were involved in single-vehicle and multivehicle crashes under different psychological and physical conditions. Crash risk was 1.42- to 2.35-fold greater in men than in women, depending on driver category and environmental factors. Risk was also significantly higher in the 18- to 24-year-old age group (1.75- to 2.87-fold greater than in drivers aged 25-49 years) and under abnormal psychological-physical conditions (1.69- to 4.10-fold greater among drivers under the influence of alcohol). Twilight and night driving, driving in urban areas, and driving on weekends and legal holidays were also associated, though nonsignificantly, with a slightly higher traffic crash risk. These findings are consistent with earlier reports, and they support the usefulness of the induced exposure method as an easy and economical tool with which to analyze data contained in traffic crash records.

Cite this paper

@article{RedondoCaldern2001ApplicationOT, title={Application of the induced exposure method to compare risks of traffic crashes among different types of drivers under different environmental conditions.}, author={Jos{\'e} Luis Redondo-Calder{\'o}n and J de Luna-del-Castillo and Jos{\'e} Juan Jim{\'e}nez-Mole{\'o}n and Miguel {\'A}ngel Garc{\'i}a-Mart{\'i}n and Pablo Lardelli-Claret and Ram{\'o}n G{\'a}lvez-Vargas}, journal={American journal of epidemiology}, year={2001}, volume={153 9}, pages={882-91} }