The impacts of human activities on the water–land environment of the Shiyang River basin, an arid region in Northwest China, Hydrological Sciences
- S. Kang, X. Su, L. Tong
The agro-hydrological Soil–Water–Atmosphere–Plant (SWAP) model was calibrated and validated to simulate water–salt transport based on field experiments in an arid region of China. The simulation results show lower soil water content but higher salt concentration under deficit irrigation. Soil water and salinity below 95 cm at 80% evapotranspiration (ETc ) treatments and 65 cm at 60% ETc treatmentswere hardly affected by irrigation.With deficit irrigation, the maximum water uptake and salt accumulated layer moved upward. The SWAP model was also used to predict long-term deficit irrigation with saline water. The salinization process reached equilibrium after utilization of saline water for a few years. In summary, the numerical model proves to be a useful tool for studying water–salt transport under different scenarios and for evaluating irrigation practices for a long period. Crown Copyright© 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.