Application of insects to wounds of self and others by chimpanzees in the wild

  title={Application of insects to wounds of self and others by chimpanzees in the wild},
  author={Alessandra Mascaro and Lara M. Southern and Tobias Deschner and Simone Pika},
  journal={Current Biology},

Fur rubbing in Plecturocebus cupreus – an incidence of self-medication?

This is the first record of fur rubbing in coppery titi monkeys in almost 4400 h of observation accumulated over more than 20 years, and it is suggested that the fur rubbing was an act of self-medication.



Self-medication by orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus) using bioactive properties of Dracaena cantleyi

This work documents self-medication in the only Asian great ape, orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus), and for the first time, to the authors' knowledge, the external application of an anti-inflammatory agent in animals.

Animal self-medication and ethno-medicine: exploration and exploitation of the medicinal properties of plants

  • M. Huffman
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • 2003
In light of the growing resistance of parasites and pathogens to synthetic drugs, the study of animal self-medication and ethno-medicine offers a novel line of investigation to provide ecologically-sound methods for the treatment of parasites using plant-based medicines in populations and their livestock living in the tropics.

Self-Medication in Animals

Animal self-medication against parasites is more widespread than previously thought, with profound implications for host-parasite biology and the ecology and evolution of animal hosts and their parasites.

Self-Medicative Behavior in the African Great Apes: An Evolutionary Perspective into the Origins of Human Traditional Medicine

By observing a similarly sick young porcupineingest the roots of Mulengelele, a growing body of scientific evidence has been gathered in support of animal self-medication, or zoopharmacognosy (Huffman 1997); and putting these lessons ofevolutionary medicine to practical use for humans.

Chimpanzees are indifferent to the welfare of unrelated group members

Experimental tests of the existence of other-regarding preferences in non-human primates are presented and it is shown that chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) do not take advantage of opportunities to deliver benefits to familiar individuals at no material cost to themselves, suggesting that chimpanzee behaviour is not motivated by other- Regarding preferences.

Cooperation and competition in chimpanzees: Current understanding and future challenges

While past and ongoing field work has added enormously to the understanding of the behavior of chimpanzees,3–8 gaps in knowledge persist, and this paper summarizes some of these gaps, giving special emphasis to male cooperation and female competition.

Empathy and Pro-Social Behavior in Rats

Rats behave pro-socially in response to a conspecific’s distress, providing strong evidence for biological roots of empathically motivated helping behavior.

Putting the Altruism Back into Altruism: The Evolution of Empathy

Empathy is an ideal candidate mechanism to underlie so-called directed altruism, i.e., altruism in response to anothers's pain, need, or distress, and the dynamics of the empathy mechanism agree with predictions from kin selection and reciprocal altruism theory.