Appliances and their impact: the ownership of domestic technology and time spent on household work.

@article{Bittman2004AppliancesAT,
  title={Appliances and their impact: the ownership of domestic technology and time spent on household work.},
  author={Michael Bittman and James M Rice and Judy Wajcman},
  journal={The British journal of sociology},
  year={2004},
  volume={55 3},
  pages={
          401-23
        }
}
Ever since the appearance of Vanek's pioneering article in 1974, there has been a controversy about whether 'labour saving' domestic appliances actually save labour time. Vanek argued that time spent in housework had barely changed since 1926, despite the diffusion of practically every known domestic appliance over this period. Gershuny and Robinson challenge Vanek's 'constancy of housework' thesis, arguing that, between 1965 and 1985, domestic technology has significantly reduced the weekly… 

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