Apple IPM Implementation in North America

@inproceedings{Whalon1984AppleII,
  title={Apple IPM Implementation in North America},
  author={Mark Edward Whalon and Brian A. Croft},
  year={1984}
}
It was 1 942 and World War II was in progress. In Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia, the apple-growing industry was hit by export restrictions. Emergency measures had to be taken to reduce production costs to ensure survival of the industry. Crop protection scientists rapidly developed a pest control program that deemphasized costly pesticides (122). "Harmonized" control relied on more natural pest population regulation and limited the use of selective insecti­ cides such as ryania, nicotine, and… CONTINUE READING

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