Appetite control and energy balance: impact of exercise

  title={Appetite control and energy balance: impact of exercise},
  author={John E Blundell and Catherine Gibbons and Phillipa Caudwell and Graham Finlayson and Mark Hopkins},
  journal={Obesity Reviews},
Exercise is widely regarded as one of the most valuable components of behaviour that can influence body weight and therefore help in the prevention and management of obesity. Indeed, long‐term controlled trials show a clear dose‐related effect of exercise on body weight. However, there is a suspicion, particularly fuelled by media reports, that exercise serves to increase hunger and drive up food intake thereby nullifying the energy expended through activity. Not everyone performing regular… 

Association of Exercise with Control of Eating and Energy Intake

The better coupling of energy intake and energy expenditure with exercise indicates beneficial effects of exercise in weight management, and additional research is warranted to enhance the efficacy of exercise-based strategies targeting weight loss.

Examining the acute effects of exercise intensity on subsequent appetite, food intake, resting energy expenditure and fat oxidation.

There are different consequences of exercise intensity in short-term control of energy balance depending on BMI and gender; the results support the need for longer term intervention to test these mechanisms.

Energy balance, body composition, sedentariness and appetite regulation: pathways to obesity.

Sedentariness (physical inactivity) is positively associated with adiposity and is proposed to be a source of overconsumption and appetite dysregulation and represents a target for research.

Exercise, energy balance and body composition

Overall, exercise training results in a healthier body composition as reflected by a reduction of body fat, especially in overweight and obese subjects, with little or no long-term effect on body weight.

Influence of Hot and Cold Environments on the Regulation of Energy Balance Following a Single Exercise Session: A Mini-Review

The purpose of this review was to exhaustively search the literature on the effect of ambient temperature during an exercise session on the subsequent subjective feeling of appetite, energy intake (EI) and its regulation.

Acute effects of exercise intensity on subsequent substrate utilisation, appetite, and energy balance in men and women.

High-intensity exercise, if energy matched, does not lead to greater appetite or energy intake, but may exert additional beneficial metabolic effects that may be more pronounced in males.

Acute and Chronic Effects of Exercise on Appetite, Energy Intake, and Appetite-Related Hormones: The Modulating Effect of Adiposity, Sex, and Habitual Physical Activity

The balance of evidence suggests that adiposity and sex do not modify appetite or energy intake responses to acute or chronic exercise interventions, but individuals with higher habitual physical activity levels may better adjust energy intake in response to energy balance perturbations.

Energy Compensation with Exercise is not Dependent on Dose

Greater exercise intensity, frequency, ExEE or exercise duration do not promote greater energy compensation when expressed as CI or total energy compensated, and when energy compensated is held constant, greater ExEE promote fat mass loss.

Appetite control is improved by acute increases in energy turnover at different levels of energy balance.

Appetite is regulated more effectively at a high level of energy turnover, whereas overeating and consequently weight gain is likely to occur at low levels ofEnergy turnover.



The influence of physical activity on appetite control: an experimental system to understand the relationship between exercise-induced energy expenditure and energy intake

This research approach has shown that the impact of physical activity on appetite control is characterised by large individual differences and changes in body composition, waist circumference and health benefits are more meaningful than changes in weight.

Physical activity and appetite control: can we close the energy gap?

Appetite control can be effectively investigated within an energy balance framework and, even though there may be some compensation for the energy expended, people have a better regulated appetite and are healthier.

Effects of exercise on appetite control: loose coupling between energy expenditure and energy intake.

  • J. BlundellN. King
  • Medicine
    International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 1998
Recent studies in both normal weight and obese individuals show that substantial periods of exercise do not increase hunger and do not drive up food intake, indicating a rather loose physiological coupling between energy expenditure and food intake.

Exercise, Appetite and Appetite-Regulating Hormones: Implications for Food Intake and Weight Control

  • D. Stensel
  • Psychology
    Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism
  • 2010
Evidence suggests that chronic exercise training typically causes a partial but incomplete compensation in energy intake perhaps due to beneficial changes in appetite-regulating hormones and additional evidence is required to confirm the effectiveness of this strategy.

Role of resting metabolic rate and energy expenditure in hunger and appetite control: a new formulation

It is proposed that FFM (the largest contributor to resting metabolic rate), but not body mass index or FM, is closely associated with self-determined meal size and daily energy intake, which has implications for understanding weight regulation and the management of obesity.

The Relationship between Substrate Metabolism, Exercise and Appetite Control

There is limited but growing evidence to suggest that carbohydrate balance is involved in the short-term regulation of food intake, with a negative carbohydrate balance having been shown to predict greater ad libitum feeding and a positive carbohydrate balance shown to be predictive of weight gain.

The effects of exercise on food intake and body fatness: a summary of published studies.

The results show consistent effects of exercise on body fatness in the absence of prescribed dietary change, with a progressive loss of body fat associated with higher exercise energy expenditures in both men and women.


Over the past quarter century obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many developed countries. Exercise is one of the behavioral approaches to curbing weight gain or losing body fat. We reviewed

The effect of graded levels of exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living women

Markedly increasing EE through exercise produced significant but partial compensations in EI (∼33% of EE due to exercise) but accurate adjustments of El to acute increases in EE are likely to take weeks rather than days.

Beneficial effects of exercise: shifting the focus from body weight to other markers of health

It is demonstrated that significant and meaningful health benefits can be achieved even in the presence of lower-than-expected exercise-induced weight loss, and a less successful reduction in body weight does not undermine the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise.