Asymmetry and Symmetry in the Beauty of Human Faces
It is discussed that the highly evolved human brain, compared to other animals, as well as symbolic and abstract cognition in humans enable a wide variety of aesthetic reactions.
The Role of Art Expertise and Symmetry on Facial Aesthetic Preferences
- Art, PsychologySymmetry
Humans, like other species, have a preference for symmetrical visual stimuli, a preference that is influenced by factors such as age, sex, and artistic training. In particular, artistic training…
The Relative Importance of Sexual Dimorphism, Fluctuating Asymmetry, and Color Cues to Health during Evaluation of Potential Partners’ Facial Photographs
- PsychologyHuman nature
Using conjoint analysis to evaluate participants’ ranking decisions, it is found that participants prioritized cues to sexual dimorphism over symmetry and color cues to health, consistent with research showing that preferences for facial masculinity and femininity in male and female faces vary according to relationship context.
Male Facial Anthropometry and Attractiveness
Facial relative femininity, which is expected to signal, eg good parenting and cooperation skills, may be an important signal of mate quality when females seek long-term partners, suggests that facial symmetry appears unimportant in such long- term mating preferences.
What does facial symmetry reveal about health and personality
Over the last two decades, facial symmetry has been intensively researched. The present article aims to summarize empirical research concerning relations between facial symmetry and health and facial…
Perceptual Advantage of Animal Facial Attractiveness: Evidence From b-CFS and Binocular Rivalry
- PsychologyFrontiers in Psychology
The results provide first evidence that the preference for attractive animal faces can be shown involuntarily or without apparent conscious control and suggest that human preference for facial attractiveness may contain an aesthetic element rather than being a purely adaptive means for mate choice.
ATTRACTIVENESS OF NATURAL FACES COMPARED TO COMPUTER CONSTRUCTED PERFECTLY SYMMETRICAL FACES
- PsychologyThe International journal of neuroscience
Attractiveness of natural faces was compared to perfectly symmetrical faces constructed on the computer from digitized photographs, in order to assess the role of left-right symmetry in beauty…
The Ideal of Facial Beauty: A Review
- Psychology, MedicineJournal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
The question as to which parameters of facial attraction are amenable to measurement and which tools are available to perform these measurements is examined and how the attractiveness of a face is influenced by symmetry, averageness and distinguishing features such as dental esthetics or genderspecific characteristics is considered.
Relation between facial morphology, personality and the functions of facial make‐up in women
- PsychologyInternational journal of cosmetic science
The results suggest that make‐up is used differentially, according to stable psychological profiles of women, to manipulate specific visual/morphological facial features involved in attractiveness.
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Facial symmetry and the perception of beauty
Evolutionary, as well as cultural, pressures may contribute to our perceptions of facial attractiveness. Biologists predict that facial symmetry should be attractive, because it may signal mate…
Facial Aesthetics: Babies Prefer Attractiveness to Symmetry
- Psychology, ArtPerception
Infants as young as 4 months showed similarity with adults in the ‘aesthetic perception’ of attractiveness and this preference was not based on the vertical symmetry of the face.
Human (Homo sapiens) facial attractiveness and sexual selection: the role of symmetry and averageness.
- PsychologyJournal of comparative psychology
This is the first study to show that facial symmetry has a positive influence on facial attractiveness ratings, with the exception of the hypothesized effects of averageness of female and male faces on attractiveness ratings.
She is not a beauty even when she smiles: Possible evolutionary basis for a relationship between facial attractiveness and hemispheric specialization
Facial asymmetry and attractiveness judgment in developmental perspective.
- PsychologyJournal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
It is suggested that the low degree of facial asymmetry found in normal people does not affect attractiveness ratings (except for old age), probably because observers are not tuned to perceive it.