Aposematism and crypsis combined as a result of distance dependence: functional versatility of the colour pattern in the swallowtail butterfly larva.

@article{Tullberg2005AposematismAC,
  title={Aposematism and crypsis combined as a result of distance dependence: functional versatility of the colour pattern in the swallowtail butterfly larva.},
  author={Birgitta Sill{\'e}n Tullberg and Sami Merilaita and Christer Wiklund},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2005},
  volume={272 1570},
  pages={1315-21}
}
The idea that an aposematic prey combines crypsis at a distance with conspicuousness close up was tested in an experiment using human subjects. We estimated detectability of the aposematic larva of the swallowtail butterfly, Papilio machaon, in two habitats, by presenting, on a touch screen, photographs taken at four different distances and measuring the time elapsed to discovery. The detectability of larvae in these images was compared with images that were manipulated, using existing colours… CONTINUE READING

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