Apoptosis: a review of programmed cell death.

  title={Apoptosis: a review of programmed cell death.},
  author={Susan A. Elmore},
  journal={Toxicologic pathology},
  volume={35 4},
The process of programmed cell death, or apoptosis, is generally characterized by distinct morphological characteristics and energy-dependent biochemical mechanisms. Apoptosis is considered a vital component of various processes including normal cell turnover, proper development and functioning of the immune system, hormone-dependent atrophy, embryonic development and chemical-induced cell death. Inappropriate apoptosis (either too little or too much) is a factor in many human conditions… CONTINUE READING
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