Apomixis: a developmental perspective.

@article{Koltunow2003ApomixisAD,
  title={Apomixis: a developmental perspective.},
  author={Anna M. G. Koltunow and Ueli Grossniklaus},
  journal={Annual review of plant biology},
  year={2003},
  volume={54},
  pages={
          547-74
        }
}
The term apomixis encompasses a suite of processes whereby seeds form asexually in plants. In contrast to sexual reproduction, seedlings arising from apomixis retain the genotype of the maternal parent. The transfer of apomixis and its effective utilization in crop plants (where it is largely absent) has major advantages in agriculture. The hallmark components of apomixis include female gamete formation without meiosis (apomeiosis), fertilization-independent embryo development (parthenogenesis… 

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