Apidima 1 and Apidima 2: Two anteneandertal skulls in the Peloponnese, Greece

  title={Apidima 1 and Apidima 2: Two anteneandertal skulls in the Peloponnese, Greece},
  author={Marie-Antoinette de Lumley and Gaspard Guipert and Henry de Lumley and Natassa Protopapa and Theodoros Pitsios},

The reversal of human phylogeny: Homo left Africa as erectus, came back as sapiens sapiens

The present study showed that Eurasia was not the receiver but the donor in Hss evolution, and the findings that Homo left Africa as erectus and returned as sapiens sapiens constitute a change in the understanding of Hs evolution to one that conforms to the extensive Eurasian record of Hss palaeontology and archaeology.



Virtual Reconstruction and Comparative Analyses of the Middle Pleistocene Apidima 2 Cranium (Greece)

A CT‐based virtual reconstruction of Apidima 2 including corrections of postmortem fractures and deformation as well as detailed metrical and morphological analyses of the specimen are presented, revealing close affinities to early and later Neandertals.

Apidima Cave fossils provide earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Eurasia

Detailed comparative analyses of two fossil crania from Apidima Cave, Greece, indicate that two late Middle Pleistocene human groups were present at this site; first an early Homo sapiens population followed by a Neanderthal population.

A cranium for the earliest Europeans: Phylogenetic position of the hominid from Ceprano, Italy

  • G. ManziF. MallegniA. Ascenzi
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
According to the results, cranial features indicate that Ceprano represents a unique morphological bridge between the clade Homo ergaster/erectus and later Middle Pleistocene specimens commonly referred to Homo heidelbergensis (and/or to Homo rhodesiensis), particularly those belonging to the African fossil record that ultimately relates to the origin of modern humans.

Paleoanthropological research at the cave site of Apidima and the surrounding region (South Peloponnese, Greece).

  • T. Pitsios
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht uber die biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
  • 1999
The discovery of a significant number of human fossil bones, which belong to 6-8 different individuals, distinguishes Apidima as the most important paleoanthropological site in Greece.

A reconsideration of the Archi 1 Neandertal mandible.

A reassessment of the early last glacial immature Neandertal mandibular corpus from Archi indicates a series of features in which it closely resembles other pre-adolescent Neandertal mandibles and

The Ceprano Skull and the Earliest Peopling of Europe: Overview and Perspectives

The cladistical and multivariate analyses seem to suggest that the Asian remains attributed to Homo erectus differ significantly from those found in the western territories (southern Africa and northern Europe).