Apical limit of root canal instrumentation and obturation, part 1. Literature review.


One of the major controversies in root canal therapy concerns the apical limit of instrumentation and obturation. The results of longitudinal prognostic studies, basic anatomical knowledge of the apical third of the root canal, and the histological pulp reaction to caries progression demonstrated the presence of a vital apical pulp remnant, even in the… (More)


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