Apex locators in endodontics: which, when and how?

  title={Apex locators in endodontics: which, when and how?},
  author={Bun San Chong and Thomas R Pitt Ford},
  journal={Dental update},
  volume={21 8},
To ensure that root canal treatment is successful the clinician must accurately determine the working length of the root canal. Traditionally this has been determined using radiography, but electronic apex locators are increasingly being used. This article describes the locators available, the principles behind their use and gives guidelines on how and where to use them. 
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