Anxiety reduction following exercise and meditation

  title={Anxiety reduction following exercise and meditation},
  author={Michael S. Bahrke and William P. Morgan},
  journal={Cognitive Therapy and Research},
The purpose of this investigation was to compare the influence of acute physical activity and meditation (“noncultic”)on state anxiety. Seventy-five adult male volunteers served as Ss with 25 Ss randomly assigned to either an exercise, meditation, or control group. Physical activity was performed at 70% of self-imposed maximal exercise heart rate for 20 minutes by Ss in the exercise group; Ss assigned to the meditation group practiced Benson's Relaxation Response for 20 minutes; and Ss in the… 
The effects of yoga and quiet rest on subjective levels of anxiety and physiological correlates: a 2-way crossover randomized trial
Both YogaFit and seated rest were effective at acutely reducing state anxiety post-condition, but not at preventing an induced anxiety response post-exposure.
Aerobic conditioning and stress inoculation: A comparison of stress-management interventions
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    Cognitive Therapy and Research
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This study compared the efficacy of a jogging program [aerobic conditioning (AC)] with stress-inoculation training (SI) and a waiting list control (WL) in the treatment of chronic intermittent
State anxiety is reduced after maximal and submaximal exercise among people with panic disorder
People with panic disorder feel less anxious after maximal and submaximal exercise and the anxiolytic effect is larger than what has been found for healthy individuals.
Effects of acute exercise on mood and well-being in patients with major depressive disorder.
Although 30 min of either moderate-intensity treadmill exercise or quiet rest is sufficient to improve the mood and well-being of patients with MDD, exercise appears to have a greater effect on the positively valenced states measured.
Two Exercises as Trait Anxiety Mitigating Factors
This study investigated the influence of eight-week bodily fitness and aerobic exercise interventions on psychological health of youths. The first 52-persons from110 subjects who were more anxious
Differential Experimental Effects of a Short Bout of Walking, Meditation, or Combination of Walking and Meditation on State Anxiety Among Young Adults
Meditation (vs a brisk walk) may be a preferred method of attenuating anxiety symptomology if individuals desiring the health benefits associated with aerobic exercise may achieve additional anxiolytic benefits if they employ a brief meditation session before or after exercising.
Can Active Seniors Gain Stress-Reducing Results From Acute Exercise?
Not all senior citizens stop being active after society considers them past their prime. Though mental strategies are frequently construed as the treatment of choice for reducing anxiety, a body of
Mood Alterations following an Indoor and Outdoor Exercise Program in Healthy Elderly Women
It is concluded that the group's improvement in both positive and negative affect corresponded to the frequency of exercise in their program, however, participation at least two times a week is necessary for significant mood alterations.
Anxiolytic Benefits of Exercise Classes for Mothers
Mothers are able to experience a decrease in acute anxiety following participation in exercise classes, and strategies that allow for enhanced access and the continuation of care of children or relatives by others while the mother takes time out for health promoting exercise for leisure will need to be developed.
Effects of emotional exposure on state anxiety after acute exercise.
  • J. Smith
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 2013
The findings suggest that the anxiolytic effects of acute exercise may be resistant to the potentially detrimental effects on mood after exposure to arousing emotional stimuli.


Changes in anxiety, drug abuse, cigarette smoking, and alcohol consumption were examined in people practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique. In one study, employing Campbell and Stanley's
Evaluation of transcendental meditation as a method of reducing stress
The same results were obtained for the two groups, which suggests that meditation does not induce a unique metabolic state but is seen biochemically as a resting state.
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The Relaxation Response has become the classic reference recommended by most health care professionals and authorities to treat the harmful effects of stress.
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It was concluded that EMG biofeedback training is effective with the elbow flexor group, and the possibility for training subjects in overall deep relaxation through feedback from this one muscle group is suggested.
Physiological Effects of Transcendental Meditation
The results seem to distinguish the state produced by transcendental meditation from commonly encountered states of consciousness and suggest that it may have practical applications.
Efficacy of EMG biofeedback in relaxation training: a controlled stury.
It was concluded that EMG biofeedback training is effective with the elbow flexor group, and the possibility for training subjects in overall deep relaxation through feedback from this one muscle group is suggested.
Continuous measurement of O2 consumption and CO2 elimination during a wakeful hypometabolic state.
The present study reports statistically significant decreases in O2 consumption and CO2 elimination for the entire 20 minutes of the mediation period, which are lower than the sample values reported in the previous study.
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Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
The STAI serves as an indicator of two types of anxiety, the state and trait anxiety, and measure the severity of the overall anxiety level.The STAI, which is appropriate for those who have at least