Anxiety and working memory capacity: A meta-analysis and narrative review.

@article{Moran2016AnxietyAW,
  title={Anxiety and working memory capacity: A meta-analysis and narrative review.},
  author={Tim P. Moran},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={2016},
  volume={142 8},
  pages={
          831-864
        }
}
  • Tim P. Moran
  • Published 10 March 2016
  • Psychology
  • Psychological bulletin
Cognitive deficits are now widely recognized to be an important component of anxiety. In particular, anxiety is thought to restrict the capacity of working memory by competing with task-relevant processes. The evidence for this claim, however, has been mixed. Although some studies have found restricted working memory in anxiety, others have not. Within studies that have found impairments, there is little agreement regarding the boundary conditions of the anxiety/WMC association. The aim of this… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Distinct effects of cognitive versus somatic anxiety on cognitive performance in old age: the role of working memory capacity
TLDR
Results confirmed the specific role of worry in the anxiety–performance relationship in old age and supported the hypothesis that working memory resources regulates its deleterious effect on cognition.
How do worry and clinical status impact working memory performance? An experimental investigation
TLDR
It is indicated that higher worry levels negatively impact WM processing efficiency and when age was controlled for, participants` clinical status was found to be linked with WM impairments.
Working Memory Capacity in Social Anxiety Disorder: Revisiting Prior Conclusions
TLDR
The groups in the current study demonstrated similar working memory performance within each of the word type conditions, thus failing to replicate the principal findings of Amir and Bomyea (2011), which inform the understanding of working memory in the anxiety disorders and support the importance of replication in psychological research.
Examining Working Memory Performance in Adult Psychosomatic Inpatients
TLDR
Screening for the presence of high RNT levels, severe depressive symptoms or higher age may help to identify patients with impaired WM functioning and to intervene on these important patient characteristics early in the rehabilitation process.
The Impact of Affective Information on Working Memory: A Pair of Meta-Analytic Reviews of Behavioral and Neuroimaging Evidence
TLDR
It is suggested that affective WM capacity may be a transdiagnostic mechanism associated with poor mental health and the importance of integrating behavioral and neural levels of analysis is highlighted.
Neuropsychological Assessment Anxiety: A Systematic Review
Older adults are the fastest growing population seeking cognitive assessment services, primarily regarding cognitive concerns and capacity to live independently. Neuropsychological assessment can
Anxiety and apprehension in visual working memory performance: no change to capacity, but poorer distractor filtering
TLDR
Results suggest that induced apprehension and trait anxiety have little influence on visual working memory capacity, instead primarily disrupting distractor filtering efficiency.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 448 REFERENCES
Relationship between worry, anxiety and thought suppression and the components of working memory in a non‐clinical sample
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between worry and working memory performance. Sixty-one healthy adults (31 men and 30 women) ranging in age from 18 to 63 years were
The complex interaction between anxiety and cognition: insight from spatial and verbal working memory
TLDR
Results demonstrate that induced-anxiety differentially impacts verbal and spatial WM, such that low and medium-load verbal WM is more susceptible to anxiety-related disruption relative to high-load, and spatialWM is disrupted regardless of task difficulty.
Individuals lower in working memory capacity are particularly vulnerable to anxiety's disruptive effect on performance
TLDR
It is suggested that working memory capacity may be an important factor in determining which individuals underperform on anxiety-provoking tests such as scholastic achievement tests.
Childhood anxiety, working memory and academic performance
The aim of this thesis is to explore the relationship between anxiety on Working Memory (WM) performance and academic achievement. Research has highlighted negative effects of anxiety on cognition
Is working memory training effective? A meta-analytic review.
TLDR
It is concluded that memory training programs appear to produce short-term, specific training effects that do not generalize, and cast doubt on both the clinical relevance of working memory training Programs and their utility as methods of enhancing cognitive functioning in typically developing children and healthy adults.
An Examination of the Relationship Between Anxiety and Performance on Prospective and Retrospective Memory Tasks
The present study investigated the association between self-reported state anxiety, trait anxiety and performance on losely matched prospective and retrospective memory tasks and on a working memory
State anxiety and working memory in children: A test of processing efficiency theory
This study investigated the effect of individual differences in state anxiety on tasks tapping the central executive, phonological, and visuo‐spatial components of working memory (WM). It was
The relationship between anxiety, personality characteristics, and working memory performance
The relationship between anxiety and working memory capacity (WMC) andperformance is a widely researched topic in the field of psychology. Typically, anxiety has anegative effect on working memory
...
1
2
3
4
5
...