Anxiety and Panic in Recreational Scuba Divers

  title={Anxiety and Panic in Recreational Scuba Divers},
  author={William P. Morgan},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  • W. Morgan
  • Published 1 December 1995
  • Psychology
  • Sports Medicine
SummaryScuba diving is a high-risk sport; it is estimated that 3 to 9 deaths per 100 000 divers occur annually in the US alone, in addition to increasing numbers of cases of decompression illness each year. However, there has been a tendency within the diving community to de-emphasise the risks associated with scuba diving. While there are numerous factors responsible for the injuries and fatalities occurring in this sport, there is general consensus that many of these cases are caused by panic… 

Psychobiological Aspects of Panic in SCBA AND SCUBA

ABSTRACT This review focuses on a series of survey and experimental investigations, led by Professor William P. Morgan, designed to examine the role of panic and anxiety in the etiology of

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Treating a high level of the indicator of anxiety as a predictor of panic anxiety reveals the importance of this trait in predicting the risk of an occurrence of diving accidents during the operation under water.

Anxiety and Performance of Scuba Diver

A diver suffering from anxiety symptoms will definitely have an impact. Physical and psychological factors that will give negative effects on performance, and advanced exposure can cause loss of

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This study explored the feasibility of using psychological markers of injury risk, developed for elite athletes, in the context of navy diving training. It set two objectives: firstly, to explore the

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Diving is an attractive activity, which is becoming increasingly more popular in sports and professional fields. This popularity sometimes decreases the awareness that is developed in a non-natural

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Diving and mental health: the potential benefits and risks from a survey of recreational scuba divers.

Divers experienced expected levels of MH issues, but did not comply with current medical guidelines on modifying or abstaining from diving activity or reporting their MH condition, which may need to be reconsidered in light of current diver behaviour, risks and potential MH benefits.

High altitudes, anxiety, and panic attacks: is there a relationship?

Exposure to high altitudes produces respiratory disturbances during sleep in normals similar to those in panic disorder at low altitudes, and some improvements that could be made in the design of future studies, possible tests of some of the theoretical causal links, and possible treatment applications.

Epidemiology of Non-Submersion Injuries in Aquatic Sporting and Recreational Activities

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Psychological monitoring of overtraining and staleness.

The results indicate that mood state disturbances increased in a dose-response manner as the training stimulus increased and that these mood disturbances fell to baseline levels with reduction of the training load.

Psychometric correlates of respiration: a review.

  • W. Morgan
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American Industrial Hygiene Association journal
  • 1983
It is concluded that ventilatory response to exercise and CO2 is influenced in part by psychopathology, andventilatory disturbances can be consistently provoked in certain "types" of individuals in both neutral and extreme environments.

Hypnotic perturbation of perceived exertion: ventilatory consequences.

The suggestion of heavy work in both the hypnotic and waking states was associated with an increase in ventilation, and this elevation persisted through the following five minutes of work despite the fact that subsequent work was perceived as being less difficult.

Adrenal Cortical Activity Changes During Underwater Demolition Team Training

Against this background of chronically elevated levels, transient increases in serum cortisol occurred coincident with the introduction of new equipment and with the beginning of new tasks in the Navy UDT program.

Psychological problems associated with the wearing of industrial respirators: a review.

  • W. Morgan
  • Medicine
    American Industrial Hygiene Association journal
  • 1983
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Anxiety and sport performance.

  • J. Raglin
  • Psychology
    Exercise and sport sciences reviews
  • 1992
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Respiratory control as a treatment for panic attacks.

Are the Risks of Sport Scuba Diving Being Underestimated?

  • R. Roos
  • Education
    The Physician and sportsmedicine
  • 1989
A lawsuit has challenged the safety of the tables widely used in scuba diving, and studies are raising questions about the long-term effects of diving.

Age-specific morbidity and mortality rates among U.S. Navy enlisted divers and controls.

For both groups, medical board, physical evaluation board, and mortality rates increased with age as did hospitalizations for musculoskeletal diseases, stress-related disorders, and circulatory diseases.

Prediction of distress for individuals wearing industrial respirators.

  • W. MorganP. Raven
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American Industrial Hygiene Association journal
  • 1985
It was concluded that objective measures of trait anxiety can be used to identify those individuals who are most likely to experience distress while wearing an industrial respirator and performing heavy physical exercise.