Anxiety, anxiety disorders, tobacco use, and nicotine: a critical review of interrelationships.

  title={Anxiety, anxiety disorders, tobacco use, and nicotine: a critical review of interrelationships.},
  author={Sandra B Morissette and Matthew T. Tull and Suzy B Gulliver and Barbara W Kamholz and Rose T Zimering},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={133 2},
Smoking is highly prevalent across most anxiety disorders. Tobacco use increases risk for the later development of certain anxiety disorders, and smokers with anxiety disorders have more severe withdrawal symptoms during smoking cessation than smokers without anxiety disorders. The authors critically examined the relationships among anxiety, anxiety disorders, tobacco use, and nicotine dependence and reviewed the existing empirical literature. Future research is needed to better understand the… CONTINUE READING

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