Ants on plants: a meta-analysis of the role of ants as plant biotic defenses

@article{Rosumek2009AntsOP,
  title={Ants on plants: a meta-analysis of the role of ants as plant biotic defenses},
  author={Felix B Rosumek and Fernando A. O. Silveira and Frederico de Siqueira Neves and Newton P. de U. Barbosa and L{\'i}via de Figueiredo Diniz and Yumi Oki and Fl{\'a}via Fonseca Pezzini and Geraldo Wilson Fernandes and Tatiana Garabini Cornelissen},
  journal={Oecologia},
  year={2009},
  volume={160},
  pages={537-549}
}
We reviewed the evidence on the role of ants as plant biotic defenses, by conducting meta-analyses for the effects of experimental removal of ants on plant herbivory and fitness with data pooled from 81 studies. Effects reviewed were plant herbivory, herbivore abundance, hemipteran abundance, predator abundance, plant biomass and reproduction in studies where ants were experimentally removed (n = 273 independent comparisons). Ant removal exhibited strong effects on herbivory rates, as plants… CONTINUE READING
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