Ants and ant scent reduce bumblebee pollination of artificial flowers.

  title={Ants and ant scent reduce bumblebee pollination of artificial flowers.},
  author={Adam R Cembrowski and Marcus G Tan and James D. Thomson and Megan E Frederickson},
  journal={The American naturalist},
  volume={183 1},
Ants on flowers can disrupt pollination by consuming rewards or harassing pollinators, but it is difficult to disentangle the effects of these exploitative and interference forms of competition on pollinator behavior. Using highly rewarding and quickly replenishing artificial flowers that simulate male or female function, we allowed bumblebees (Bombus impatiens) to forage (1) on flowers with or without ants (Myrmica rubra) and (2) on flowers with or without ant scent cues. Bumblebees… CONTINUE READING
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