Ants Learn Aphid Species as Mutualistic Partners: Is the Learning Behavior Species-Specific?

@article{Hayashi2015AntsLA,
  title={Ants Learn Aphid Species as Mutualistic Partners: Is the Learning Behavior Species-Specific?},
  author={Masayuki Hayashi and Kiyoshi Nakamuta and Masashi Nomura},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2015},
  volume={41},
  pages={1148-1154}
}
In ant-aphid associations, many aphid species provide ants with honeydew and are tended by ants, whereas others are never tended and are frequently preyed upon by ants. In these relationships, ants must have the ability to discriminate among aphid species, with mutualistic aphids being accepted as partners rather than prey. Although ants reportedly use cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) of aphids to differentiate between mutualistic and non-mutualistic species, it is unclear whether the ability to… CONTINUE READING