Antler size and winter mortality of elk : Effects of environment, birth year, and parasites

@article{Smith1998AntlerSA,
  title={Antler size and winter mortality of elk : Effects of environment, birth year, and parasites},
  author={Bruce L. Smith},
  journal={Journal of Mammalogy},
  year={1998},
  volume={79},
  pages={1038-1044}
}
Correlates with antler size of 215 male elk ( Cervus elaphus ) that died during 5 winters on the National Elk Refuge, Wyoming, were investigated. The elk were 1.5-14.5 ( X = 6.5, SE = 0.19) years old. Males with clinical infestations of scab mites ( Psoroptes ) had antlers with more points, greater beam circumference, and greater mass than males not afflicted with mites. Development of antlers and infestation with scabies were correlated positively with age. Controlling for age, antler size was… 

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