Antisocial personality and risks of cause-specific mortality: results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study with 27 years of follow-up

@article{Krasnova2018AntisocialPA,
  title={Antisocial personality and risks of cause-specific mortality: results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study with 27 years of follow-up},
  author={A. Krasnova and W. Eaton and J. Samuels},
  journal={Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology},
  year={2018},
  volume={54},
  pages={617-625}
}
PurposeLittle is known about the effect of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) on the risks of cause-specific mortality in the community. This study aimed to close this gap by evaluating if ASPD increases risks of cause-specific mortality in population-based residential and institutionalized samples with 27 years of follow-up.MethodsData were collected in four metropolitan sites as part of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) study during 1979–1983. Records were linked to the National… Expand
10 Citations
Premature mortality of people with personality disorder in the Nottingham Study of Neurotic Disorder.
TLDR
The hypothesis that premature death in personality disturbance is independent of mental health status was not supported in this study, despite other evidence from this cohort that general clinical outcome is worse in those with personality disorder. Expand
Pharmacological interventions for antisocial personality disorder.
TLDR
The benefits and adverse effects of pharmacological interventions for adults with AsPD are assessed and the certainty of evidence for each outcome in this review is rated as very low, meaning that the effect estimates reported are very little confidence. Expand
Psychological interventions for antisocial personality disorder.
TLDR
This review includes 19 studies, comparing a psychological intervention against TAU (also called 'standard Maintenance' in some studies), and found evidence that, compared to SM alone, CM + SM may improve social functioning measured by family/social scores on the Addiction Severity Index, for outpatients at 12 months post-intervention. Expand
Suicide risk of male State patients with antisocial personality traits
TLDR
Although antisocial personality disorder is an identified risk factor for suicide, it was not the case in this study, and state patients with and without antissocial personality traits had similar current suicide risk. Expand
Psychiatric comorbidity and mortality in patients with anorexia nervosa
  • T. Kawada
  • Medicine
  • European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
  • 2020
TLDR
There was no significant association between psychiatric comorbidities and all-cause mortality, but this should be viewed cautiously due to the small number of included events and the mechanism of the association to the discrepancies among SUD, PD and AD is unclear and should be further investigated. Expand
Compliance with containment measures to the COVID-19 pandemic over time: Do antisocial traits matter?
TLDR
It is indicated that antisocial traits, especially lower levels of empathy and higher levels of Callousness, Deceitfulness, and Risk-taking, are directly associated with lower compliance with containment measures. Expand
Psychologically informed practice (PIP) within the offender personality disorder pathway: Towards establishing an evidence base for approved premises.
TLDR
The modified PIP is an effective intervention model for improving some workforce outcomes among probation supervised hostel staff, particularly for women, but the findings suggest that intervention development may be required for significant improvements to be observed in resident offending outcomes. Expand
RE: Incidence of self-inflicted burn injury in patients with Major Psychiatric Illness.
Total and cause-specific mortality in patients with personality disorders: the association between comorbid severe mental illness and substance use disorders
TLDR
The higher mortality in patients with PD cannot, however, fully be accounted for by comorbidity, particularly due to poisoning and suicide. Expand
Pre-existing major psychiatric illness and self-inflicted burn injury.
  • T. Kawada
  • Medicine
  • Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
  • 2020

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
The relationship of mental and behavioral disorders to all-cause mortality in a 27-year follow-up of 4 epidemiologic catchment area samples.
TLDR
Subjects from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program, interviewed during 1979-1983, were linked to data in the National Death Index through 2007 to estimate the association of mental and behavioral disorders with death, showing that risk of death was associated with alcohol use disorders in nonblacks and with drug disorders in blacks. Expand
Death rates in 71 men with antisocial personality disorder. A comparison with general population mortality.
TLDR
Antisocial men younger than 40 years were at excessive risk for premature death and men between ages 40 and 60 years also appeared to be at risk for prematurely death, although the excess was not statistically significant. Expand
Predictors of Natural and Unnatural Mortality among Patients with Personality Disorder: Evidence from a Large UK Case Register
TLDR
Alcohol and drug use, physical illness, and functional impairment are predictors of mortality in individuals with personality disorder and Clinicians should be aware of the existence of problems in these domains, even at mild levels, when assessing the needs of patients with Personality disorder. Expand
Antisocial behavioral syndromes and past-year physical health among adults in the United States: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
TLDR
Estimates of burden related to antisocial behavioral syndromes need to consider associated physical health problems, and prevention and treatment guidelines for injuries and common chronic diseases may need to address comorbid antisociality. Expand
Death by homicide, suicide, and other unnatural causes in people with mental illness: a population-based study
TLDR
The results show raised SMRs for homicide, suicide, and accident for most psychiatric diagnoses irrespective of sex, and an increased risk of dying by homicide in men with schizophrenia and in individuals with affective psychosis. Expand
Characteristics of borderline personality disorder in a community sample: comorbidity, treatment utilization, and general functioning.
This study provides estimates of the prevalence and demographic features of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a community sample as well as BPD comorbidity rates with Axis I and II disorders.Expand
Personality disorders and traits as predictors of incident cardiovascular disease: findings from the 23-year follow-up of the Baltimore ECA study.
TLDR
Cluster B PDs and dimensional traits may be independent risk factors for incident CVD in the community and post-hoc analysis revealed that Cluster B PD and traits also predict CVD mortality. Expand
Antisocial personality disorder in incarcerated offenders: Psychiatric comorbidity and quality of life.
TLDR
ASPD occurs frequently in prison populations and is nearly as common in women as in men and is associated with comorbid disorders, high suicide risk, and impaired quality of life. Expand
The epidemiology of antisocial personality disorder
  • P. Moran
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
  • 1999
TLDR
Despite the large amount of research into antisocial personality disorder, longitudinal data are missing and the validity of the diagnosis remains questionable, the paper concludes with recommendations for future research. Expand
Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years' observations on male British doctors
TLDR
A substantial progressive decrease in the mortality rates among non-smokers over the past half century has been wholly outweighed, among cigarette smokers, by a progressive increase in the smoker νNon-smoker death rate ratio due to earlier and more intensive use of cigarettes. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...