Antisense oligonucleotides delivered to the lysosome escape and actively inhibit the hepatitis B virus.

The subcellular fate and activity in inhibiting the hepatitis B virus of free and N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer-phosphorothioate oligonucleotides were studied. Their internalization and subcellular fate were monitored with confocal microscopy. A fraction of the internalized free oligonucleotides escaped into the cytoplasm and nucleus of… (More)