Antiquity of Coca-Leaf Chewing in the South Central Andes: A 3,000 Year Archaeological Record of Coca-Leaf Chewing from Northern Chile

  title={Antiquity of Coca-Leaf Chewing in the South Central Andes: A 3,000 Year Archaeological Record of Coca-Leaf Chewing from Northern Chile},
  author={Mario A. Rivera and Arthur C. Aufderheide and Larry W. Cartmell and Constantino Manuel Torres and Odin Langsjoen},
  journal={Journal of Psychoactive Drugs},
  pages={455 - 458}
Abstract Carbon- 14 (14C) dating from mummies o f the Alto Ramirez culture confirms that coca leaf chewing was an incipient practice among members of a population that peopled the valleys and coastal areas of Northern Chile by 3,000 years before the present (yr.B.P.). Out of eleven bodies from the burial site of Pisagua-7 (PSG-7, S 19° 35′, W 70° 13′) that were analyzed, two samples tested positive. Mummy 725-A C2 (dated 3,090 to 2,850 rwo sigma calibrated 14C years before the present) was… 

Ancient Use of Coca Leaves in the Peruvian Central Highlands

Coca, of the genus Erythroxylum, is a stimulant and painkiller that played key roles within the Inka state. As reported by the early Spanish chroniclers, coca was the most important plant offering

Oral health in prehistoric San Pedro de Atacama oases, Northern Chile.

  • R. E. OliveiraW. Neves
  • Medicine
    Homo : internationale Zeitschrift fur die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
  • 2015

The Use of Coca: Prehistory, History, and Ethnography

The diverse roles that coca played among the Inca and other indigenous peoples led to the early adoption of coca in the West and, in turn, to the resultant discovery of cocaine and its assorted early applications, particularly for medicinal purposes.

Coca: High Altitude Remedy of the Ancient Incas.

Coca: The History and Medical Significance of an Ancient Andean Tradition

This review will examine the toxicology of whole coca and will also look at medicinal applications of this plant, past, present, and future.

Arquelología de los pueblos costeros del norte de Chile. Nuevas evidencias

The Archaeology of the Coastal Peoples of Northern Chile: New Evidence Since the time of Max Uhle, the northern coast of Chile has been at the forefront of archaeological studies. For more than a

Tracking shifts in coca use in the Moche Valley: analysis of oral health indicators and dental calculus microfossils

Abstract In this article we explore the use of coca in the Moche Valley of north costal Perú during the Early Intermediate Period. To do so we examined the dental remains of 173 residents of Cerro


Muestras de cabello de siete momias del sitio Camarones 15-D, Chile, fechadas por radiocarbono alrededor de 2.000 a.C. fueron examinadas para verificar la presencia de piojos. En seis muestras de

The Transgressive Allure of White Gold in Peruvian Amazonia: Towards a Genealogy of Coca Capitalisms and Social Dread: Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug; Coca's Gone: Of Might and Right in the Huallaga Post-Boom

“I have tested this effect of coca, which wards off hunger, sleep, and fatigue and steels one to intellectual effort, some dozen times on myself; I had no opportunity to engage in physical



Dental effects of diet and coca-leaf chewing on two prehistoric cultures of northern Chile.

  • O. Langsjoen
  • Medicine
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1996
Two ancient cultures of northern Chile, the Chinchorro and the Maitas Chiribaya, were examined for dental pathology in search of possible correlations between dental health, diet, and the cultural practice of coca-leaf chewing.

Contributions of Chemical Dietary Reconstruction to the Assessment of Adaptation by Ancient Highland Immigrants (Alto Ramirez) to Coastal Conditions at Pisagua, North Chile

Abstract At the latitudes of northern Chile the earliest migrants from the highlands were members of the Alto Ramirez cultural group. They arrived in the lower valleys about 1000 BC, where they

Early Sites on the Peruvian Coast

  • F. Engel
  • Geology
    Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
  • 1957
T HIS PAPER is a first report on a survey of the Peruvian coast from Chimbote, 420 kilometers north of Lima, to the mouth of the Rio Ica, 450 kilometers south of Lima, conducted over the last two

The Origin, Evolution, and Diffusion of Coca, Erythroxylum spp., in South and Central America in Pre-Columbian Plant Migration.

L'A. presente le scenario theorique de l'origine, de l'evolution et de la diffusion du coca domestique. Origine: la montana des Andes centrales. Ses proprietes stimulantes auraient ete decouvertes

Pre-Columbian plant migration : papers presented at the Pre-Columbian Plant Migration Symposium, 44th International Congress of Americanists, Manchester, England

A collection of essays presenting original data that have allowed the author to reconstruct prehistoric Maya environment and subsistence.

Moche Fineline Painting: Its Evolution and Its Artists

The Moche culture, which flourished on the north coast of Peru between 100 and 800 BCE, has been known to art historians and archaeologists for over a century. Only recently, however, with the

The Frequency and Antiquity of Prehistoric Coca-Leaf-Chewing Practices in Northern Chile: Radioimmunoassay of a Cocaine Metabolite in Human-Mummy Hair

A recently developed radioimmunoassay is capable of detecting BZE in hair samples from ancient, spontaneously mummified human remains, indicating that coca-leaf-chewing practices began in this area about 2,000 years ago.