Antiquity of Coca-Leaf Chewing in the South Central Andes: A 3,000 Year Archaeological Record of Coca-Leaf Chewing from Northern Chile

@article{Rivera2005AntiquityOC,
  title={Antiquity of Coca-Leaf Chewing in the South Central Andes: A 3,000 Year Archaeological Record of Coca-Leaf Chewing from Northern Chile},
  author={Mario A. Rivera and Arthur C. Aufderheide and Larry W. Cartmell and Constantino Manuel Torres and Odin Langsjoen},
  journal={Journal of Psychoactive Drugs},
  year={2005},
  volume={37},
  pages={455 - 458}
}
Abstract Carbon- 14 (14C) dating from mummies o f the Alto Ramirez culture confirms that coca leaf chewing was an incipient practice among members of a population that peopled the valleys and coastal areas of Northern Chile by 3,000 years before the present (yr.B.P.). Out of eleven bodies from the burial site of Pisagua-7 (PSG-7, S 19° 35′, W 70° 13′) that were analyzed, two samples tested positive. Mummy 725-A C2 (dated 3,090 to 2,850 rwo sigma calibrated 14C years before the present) was… 

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