Antiproton portable traps and medical applications

  title={Antiproton portable traps and medical applications},
  author={Raymond A. Lewis and Gerald A. Smith and Steven D. Howe},
  journal={Hyperfine Interactions},
Several medical applications utilizing antiprotons stored and transported in a portable Penning trap are considered. These include production of radioisotopes for PET, radiography and radiotherapy. Specifications of a portable antiproton trap suitable for this work are discussed, and progress on the development of such a trap is reported. 
Production and trapping of antimatter for space propulsion applications
Production and trapping of antiprotons for space propulsion applications are reviewed. Present and foreseeable production rates at Fermilab are discussed, and experiments on trapping, confinement and
RF Stabilization for Storage of Antiprotons
Portable storage of antimatter is an important step in the experimental exploration of antimatter in propulsion applications. The High Performance Antiproton Trap (HiPAT) at NASA Marshall Space
Plasma manipulation techniques for positron storage in a multicell trap
New plasma manipulation techniques are described that are central to the development of a multicell Penning trap designed to increase positron storage by orders of magnitude (e.g., to particle
Chapter 5: Accumulation, Storage and Manipulation of Large Numbers of Positrons in Traps II -- Selected Topics
This chapter describes research to create, manipulate and utilize positron, antimatter plasmas. One is the development of a method to extract cold beams with small transverse spatial extent from
Spread-out antiproton beams deliver poor physical dose distributions for radiation therapy.
  • H. Paganetti, M. Goitein, K. Parodi
  • Physics, Medicine
    Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • 2010
The physical dose distributions of spread-out antiproton beams of clinically relevant size are substantially inferior to those of proton beams, exhibiting a dose halo and broadened penumbra.
Antimatter plasmas and antihydrogen
Recent successes in confining antimatter in the form of positron and antiproton plasmas have created new scientific and technological opportunities. Plasma techniques have been the cornerstone of
A systematic review of antiproton radiotherapy
Antiprotons have been proposed as possible particles for radiotherapy; over the past years, the renewed interest in the potential biomedical relevance led to an increased research activity. It is the
Future Program of the BASE Experiment at the Antiproton Decelerator of CERN
This report outlines the future program of the BASE antiproton experiment at the Antiproton Decelerator (AD) facility of CERN. We describe methods and future developments to improve the precision of
Production and trapping of small numbers of antiprotons for space applications are feasible, setting the stage for antiproton-catalyzed microfission/fusion (ACMF) reactions as a source of propulsive
Antimatter Requirements and Energy Costs for Near-Term Propulsion Applications
The superior energy density of antimatter annihilation has often been pointed to as the ultimate source of energy for propulsion. However, the limited capacity and very low efficiency of present-day


Antiprotons for imaging and therapy
Abstract Antiprotons are presently produced and stored at CERN and Fermilab at a rate of about 10 7 p/s. Efforts are underway to develop transportable storage devices, ‘bottles’, which would store as
A measurement of the local energy deposition by antiprotons coming to rest in tissue-like material.
  • A. Sullivan
  • Physics, Medicine
    Physics in medicine and biology
  • 1985
Analysis of the data shows that out of the 2 GeV available in an antiproton annihilation, on average less than 30 MeV is deposited close to the site of the interaction.
Proton radiography as a tool for quality control in proton therapy.
It is found that the precision in range can be improved by a detailed analysis of the calibration data obtained from tissue-substitute measurements, by a factor of 2.5.
Proton radiation therapy: a summary of the world wide experience
There are 16 operating proton therapy centers world-wide in 1994, and proton beams had been used to treat ∼ 14000 patients for both benign and malignant disease by July 1994.
Proton dose monitoring with PET: quantitative studies in Lucite.
The feasibility of using PET for proton dose monitoring is examined here in detail and the spatial correlation between dose depth profiles and depth activity profiles was found to be poor, hence the extraction of isodose profiles from activity profiles seems to be very difficult.
Laser spectroscopy of hydrogen and antihydrogen
Recent advances in high resolution laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen are reviewed. Two-photon spectroscopy of the 1S–2S transition in a cold atomic beam has reached a resolution of better than 1
The Physics of Star Trek
What exactly "warps" when you are traveling at warp speed? What is the difference between the holodeck and a hologram? What happens when you get beamed up? Are time loops really possible, and can I