Cardio classics revisited – focus on the role of candesartan
- Maria Leonarda De Rosa
- Vascular health and risk management
A prospective, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, dose-response trial was conducted to investigate the antiproteinuric effect of candesartan cilexetil, the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis. Patients (n=280) were treated for 12 weeks with candesartan cilexetil 2, 4, or 8 mg given orally once-daily (o.d.). The improvement in urinary protein excretion observed at the end of the treatment period was 15.9% in the 2 mg group, 25.6% in the 4 mg group, and 34.6% in the 8 mg group, respectively, showing a clear dose-response (2 mg <4 mg <8 mg; p=0.003). The mean reduction in urinary protein excretion was 11.3% in the 2 mg group, 26.3% in the 4 mg group, and 26.0% in the 8 mg group, showing a dose-response pattern, in that the effect of 4 mg and 8 mg was greater than that of 2 mg (2 mg <4 mg asymptotically equal to 8 mg; p=0.010). As the observed reduction in urinary protein excretion failed to correlate with changes in mean blood pressure, it could not be attributed to the antihypertensive effect of the study drug alone. This suggests that candesartan cilexetil, 4 8 mg o.d., has antiproteinuric effects in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis.