Antiphospholipid syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus: are they separate entities or just clinical presentations on the same scale?

@article{Shoenfeld2009AntiphospholipidSA,
  title={Antiphospholipid syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus: are they separate entities or just clinical presentations on the same scale?},
  author={Yehuda Shoenfeld and Pier Luigi Meroni and Elias Elias Toubi},
  journal={Current opinion in rheumatology},
  year={2009},
  volume={21 5},
  pages={495-500}
}
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Although originally described in the context of systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid syndrome was then recognized as a primary antiphospholipid syndrome without any underlying autoimmune disease in almost half of the cases. However, cases of primary antiphospholipid syndrome were reported to evolve into systemic lupus erythematosus over time suggesting that these apparently different diseases are somehow related. RECENT FINDINGS Peculiar biological systemic lupus… CONTINUE READING

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