Study of the role of SSAO/VAP-1 in OGD conditions using SSAO/VAP-1-expressing HUVEC and human brain endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3) as experimental models of ischemic stroke, and its possible nexus with Alzheimer ́s disease
Ischemic stroke results from brain blood vessel blockage by thrombus, and produces neuronal cell damage and death. While thrombolytic therapy with tPA has achieved some success in clinic, the strategy of using neuroprotective agents to treat ischemic stroke has been disappointing thus far. In the present work, we synthesized TBN, a derivative of the clinically useful stroke drug TMP armed with a powerful free radical-scavenging nitrone moiety. TBN retains the thrombolytic activity of the parent TMP and possesses strong antioxidative properties. TBN demonstrates significant activity in the rat MCAo stroke model. The results suggest that design of molecules possessing both thrombolytic and neuroprotective properties may be a novel strategy for effective stroke therapeutics.