Antioxidant systems in chick embryo development. Part 1. Vitamin E, carotenoids and selenium

@article{Surai2016AntioxidantSI,
  title={Antioxidant systems in chick embryo development. Part 1. Vitamin E, carotenoids and selenium},
  author={Peter F Surai and V. I. Fisinin and Filiz Karadaş},
  journal={Animal Nutrition},
  year={2016},
  volume={2},
  pages={1 - 11}
}
Chick viability is known to be an important factor determining profitability of the poultry industry. Chick embryo tissues contain a high proportion of highly polyunsaturated fatty acids in the lipid fraction and therefore need antioxidant defence. The antioxidant system of the developing embryo and newly hatched chick includes the antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase), water-soluble antioxidants (ascorbic acid, taurine, carnitine, glutathione, etc.), fat… Expand
Nutritional modulation of the antioxidant capacities in poultry: the case of vitamin E.
TLDR
Evidence related to modulation of the antioxidant capacities in poultry by vitamin E is presented and it was shown that increased vitamin E supplementation in the breeder's or cockerel's diet increased their resistance to various stresses, including high polyunsaturated fatty acids, mycotoxin, or heat stress. Expand
Yolk vitamin E positively affects prenatal growth but not oxidative status in yellow-legged gull embryos
TLDR
The results suggest that maternally transferred vitamin E concentrations are optimized to prevent imbalances of oxidative status and the consequent raise of oxidative damage in yellow-legged gull embryos during prenatal development. Expand
Antioxidant activity of vitamin E and its role in avian reproduction.
TLDR
Current evidences demonstrate that dietary vitamin E supplementation may be effective in controlling the production of reactive oxygen species and continue to be explored as a potential feeding strategy to support avian reproduction. Expand
Effects of egg weight and in ovo injection of α -tocopherol on chick development, hatching performance, and lipid-soluble antioxidant concentrations in quail chick tissues
TLDR
IO injection of α -tocopherol into the yolk sac affected the concentrations of tissue-specific lipid-soluble antioxidants in the RYS and tissues of newly hatched quail chicks, and EW had effects on various parameters. Expand
Influence of Vitamin E and Organic Selenium Supplementation on Antioxidant Enzymes Activities in Blood and Egg Samples of Laying Hens
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary vitamin E (α-tocopherol acetate) and selenium (selenomethionine) and a combination of the two, on the activities of glutathioneExpand
A comparison of fat-soluble antioxidants in wild and farm-reared chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar).
TLDR
It is suggested that maternal access to antioxidants in the diet of farmed chukar partridges could positively influence fat soluble antioxidant concentrations in the egg yolk and tissues of day old chicks. Expand
Effect of Sodium Selenite, Selenium Yeast, and Bacterial Enriched Protein on Chicken Egg Yolk Color, Antioxidant Profiles, and Oxidative Stability
TLDR
Bacterial selenoproteins from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia was used as a dietary supplement with other Se sources in Lohman brown Classic laying hens to study the egg yolks color, egg yolk and breast antioxidant profile, oxidative stability, and storage effect for fresh and stored egg Yolk at 4 ± 2 °C for 14-days. Expand
Antioxidant Defence Systems and Oxidative Stress in Poultry Biology: An Update
TLDR
This new direction in improving antioxidant defences for poultry in stress conditions is related to an opportunity to activate a range of vitagenes via Nrf2-related mechanisms to maximise internal AO protection and redox balance maintenance. Expand
Selenium in Poultry Nutrition: from Sodium Selenite to Organic Selenium Sources
TLDR
Advantages and disadvantages of main organic Se sources for poultry (Se-yeast, SeMet, and OH-SeMet) are analyzed, and future directions for the development of new Se sources are identified. Expand
Vitagenes in poultry production: Part 1. Technological and environmental stresses
TLDR
Consequences of such environmental stresses as temperature stress and high levels of dust and ammonia in poultry houses are analysed. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 146 REFERENCES
Carotenoids in Avian Nutrition and Embryonic Development. 1. Absorption, Availability and Levels in Plasma and Egg Yolk
Avian embryo development is associated with a progressive accumulation in certain tissues of lipids which are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), making such tissues vulnerable to freeExpand
Changes in broiler chick tissue concentrations of lipid-soluble antioxidants immediately post-hatch.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that there are tissue-specific changes in the concentrations of the major antioxidants (vitamin E and coenzyme Q₁₀) during the 36 h post-hatch. Expand
Development of antioxidant capacity in tissues of the chick embryo
TLDR
In the newly hatched chick, the levels of vitamin E, vitamin A, selenium, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were, respectively, 58.7- fold higher in the liver than in the brain when expressed on the basis of tissue fresh weight. Expand
The antioxidant properties of canthaxanthin and its potential effects in the poultry eggs and on embryonic development of the chick. Part 2.
TLDR
In well designed experiments, it was proven that CX dietary supplementation of the breeder's diet significantly increased anti-oxidative status in the egg yolk and newly hatched chicks and as a result hatching rate of chicken eggs was significantly increased. Expand
Selenium in poultry nutrition 2. Reproduction, egg and meat quality and practical applications
TLDR
Dietary antioxidant supplementation in general and organic Se supplementation in particular are considered to be major protective measures for maintaining high productive and reproductive characteristics in poultry. Expand
Tissue-Specific antioxidant profiles and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation of the newly hatched chick
TLDR
The tissues of the newly hatched chick showed distinctive features in fatty acid profiles, antioxidant accumulation, and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation, and it was suggested that in postnatal development, antioxidant enzymes presumably play the major role in antioxidant protection of the chick tissues. Expand
The antioxidant properties of canthaxanthin and its potential effects in the poultry eggs and on embryonic development of the chick. Part 1.
Among more than 750 known carotenoids, canthaxanthin (CX) has a special place as a carotenoid with proven antioxidant and other biologically-relevant functions. A substantial body of evidenceExpand
Tissue-specific differences in antioxidant distribution and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation during development of the chick embryo.
The purpose of this study was to determine the tissue-specific acquisition of antioxidant capacity during chick embryo development and to assess the effectiveness of this process in the prevention ofExpand
Embryonic growth and antioxidant provision in avian eggs
TLDR
There were consistent differences in antioxidant provision between pairs of species that share a common initial egg mass yet have differing rates of embryonic growth, such that the eggs of the faster-developing species have higher levels of carotenoids and vitamin E. Expand
Relationship between vitamin E content and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation in tissues of the newly hatched chick.
TLDR
It is concluded that the high peroxidative susceptibility of the chick's brain can be normalised by supplementation of the parent hen with vitamin E. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...