Antimony-doped Tin(II) Sulfide Thin Films


Thin-film solar cells made from earth-abundant, inexpensive, and non-toxic materials are needed to replace the current technologies whose widespread use is limited by their use of scarce, costly, and toxic elements. Tin monosulfide (SnS) is a promising candidate for making absorber layers in scalable, inexpensive, and non-toxic solar cells. SnS has always been observed to be a p-type semiconductor. Doping SnS to form an n-type semiconductor would permit the construction of solar cells with p-n homojunctions. This paper reports doping SnS films with antimony, a potential n-type dopant. Small amounts of antimony (~1%) were found to greatly increase the electrical resistance of the SnS. The resulting intrinsic SnS(Sb) films could be used for the insulating layer in a p-i-n design for solar cells. Higher concentrations (~5%) of antimony did not convert the SnS(Sb) to low-resistivity n-type conductivity, but instead the films retain such a high resistance that the conductivity type could not be determined. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis reveals that the highly doped films contain precipitates of a secondary phase that has chemical bonds characteristic of metallic antimony, rather than the antimony-sulfur bonds found in films with lower concentrations of antimony.

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@inproceedings{Sinsermsuksakul2012AntimonydopedTS, title={Antimony-doped Tin(II) Sulfide Thin Films}, author={Prasert Sinsermsuksakul and Rupak Chakraborty and Sang Bok Kim and Steven M. Heald and Tonio Buonassisi and Roy G Gordon}, year={2012} }