Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of essential oil of Pelargonium odoratissimum

@article{Andrade2011AntimicrobialAA,
  title={Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of essential oil of Pelargonium odoratissimum},
  author={M. A. Andrade and M. G. Cardoso and L. R. Batista and J. M. Freire and D. Nelson},
  journal={Revista Brasileira De Farmacognosia-brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy},
  year={2011},
  volume={21},
  pages={47-52}
}
The chemical composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Pelargonium odoratissimum (L.) L'Her., Geraniaceae, was determined and the antimicrobial activities against the Aspergillus flavus CML 1816, Aspergillus carbonarius CML1815 and Aspergillus parasiticus CMLA 817 fungi, as well the Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25 992 bacteria were evaluated. The essential oil was isolated by steam distillation using a modified Clevenger apparatus, and its constituents… Expand

Tables from this paper

Antibacterial activity and composition of essential oils from Pelargonium graveolens L'Her and Vitex agnus-castus L
TLDR
Inhibition zones showed that the essential oils of the two plants were active against all of the studied bacteria (except Listeria monocytogenes), and the pure essential oils showed the most extensive inhibition zones and they were very effective antimicrobial compounds compared to chloramphenicol and amoxicillin. Expand
Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Schinus molle L. Essential Oil from Turkey
Abstract In traditional medicine, Schinus molle was used in treating a variety of wounds and infections due to its antibacterial and antiseptic properties. Based on this, the chemical constituents,Expand
Evaluation of Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Vitex agnus castus L. Fruits’ Essential Oils from West Anatolia, Turkey
Abstract This study deals with the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Vitex agnus castus L. The main constituents of the essential oils were characterized by GC-MSExpand
Bactericidal and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Myristica fragrans Houtt and Salvia microphylla H.B.K
This study chemically characterizes and evaluates the bactericidal and antioxidant activities of essential oils from Myristica fragrans and Salvia microphylla. The essential oils were obtained byExpand
Utilization of Essential Oils from Citronella and Geranium as Natural Preservative in Mayonnaise
Background: Essential oils are one of the natural products that are used in different aspects of life due to biological activities. The current investigated was aimed to study the effect of essentialExpand
Evaluation of Chemical Composition of Essential Oils Derived from Different Pelargonium Species Leaves
Abstract Plants have been used for their aromatic and medicinal purposes for centuries. The genus Pelargonium contains about 250-280 species and cultivated around the world for the production ofExpand
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF PLANT EXTRACTS FROM SEVERAL REGIONS OF ASIA
TLDR
An in vivo experiment using the T. crispa ethanol extract in adult male and female Sprague Dawley rats showed low toxicity based on the LD50 value, and the growth inhibition was used to determine minimum inhibitory concentrations and minimum bactericidal concentrations. Expand
Anti-dermatophyte activity of Pelargonium graveolens essential oils against dermatophytes
TLDR
The anti-dermatophyte effects of P. graveolens essential oils were confirmed against Microsporum canis, M. gypseum, Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, and T. schoenleinii by mycelium growth inhibition percent and micro-broth dilution assays, and the chemical composition of essential oils was determined. Expand
Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Menthe Piperita, Artemisa Compestris L and Pelargonium Adoraitissimum Leaves Extracts from North Libya
TLDR
Chemical tests showed that the bioactive compounds are found in methanolic extracts of these plants such as flavonoid, alkaloids, resins, terpineol, volatile oils and tannin groups. Expand
Leaf Structure of Pelargonium odoratissimum (Soland.), an Aromatic Species Widely Used in Herbal Remedies and Confectionery
The dorsiventral, amphistomatic, hairy leaf of Pelargonium odoratissimum was lacking the variety of the anatomical features considered advantages for the Mediterranean plant life compared to the leafExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
In vitro biological activities of South African Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) species
TLDR
Pelargonium cordifolium appears to be the most promising species requiring further investigation, and the results from the toxicity assay suggested that the antimicrobial activity of the extracts may be ascribed to general cytotoxic effects. Expand
Composition of the essential oils of Pelargonium odoratissimum, P. exstipulatum, and P. × fragrans (Geraniaceae) and their bioactivity
The volatile oils of the leaves of two Pelargonium species, P. exstipulatum (Cav.) L'Herit. and P. odoratissimum (L.) L'Herit. (Geraniaceae) and a hybrid, P. × fragrans, were obtained by steamExpand
Antibacterial, antifungal and antitubercular activity of (the roots of) Pelargonium reniforme (CURT) and Pelargonium sidoides (DC) (Geraniaceae) root extracts
TLDR
Acetone, chloroform and ethanol extracts of P. reniforme showed activity against M. tuberculosis exhibiting a minimum inhibitory concentration of 5 × 10 3 mg/L. Expand
Comparative antibacterial effects of novel Pelargonium essential oils and solvent extracts
TLDR
The methanolic and petroleum spirit extracts were more potent antibacterial agents than the steam-distilled volatile samples and suggested that Pelargonium essential oils and solvent extracts could be used as novel food or cosmetic antimicrobial agents. Expand
Studies on the essential oils composition, antibacterial and cytotoxicity of Eugenia uniflora L.
Summary The compositional profile of the essential oils isolated from Eugenia uniflora L. revealed the occurrence of an unusual sesquiterpene as the major compound. The volatile oils wereExpand
Antimicrobial agents from plants: antibacterial activity of plant volatile oils
TLDR
The volatile oils of black pepper, clove, and thyme exhibited considerable inhibitory effects against all the organisms under test while their major components demonstrated various degrees of growth inhibition. Expand
Fungicidal property of active component derived from Acorus gramineus rhizome against phytopathogenic fungi.
  • H. Lee
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Bioresource technology
  • 2007
TLDR
The results indicated at least one of the fungicidal actions of alpha-asarone and asaronaldehyde derived from A. gramineus rhizome-derived materials against Botrytis cineria, Erysiphe graminis, Phytophthora infestans, Puccinia recondita, Pyricularia grisea, and Rhizoctonia solani was tested. Expand
Growth inhibition of plant pathogenic fungi by extracts of Allium sativum and Tulbaghia violacea
An important stage in tissue culture is the acclimatising of the in vitro grown plantlets to conditions outside the culture flask. Many plantlets succumb to fungal attack at this stage resulting inExpand
Chemical constituents of essential oil of Pelargonium graveolens leaves
Abstract The chemical constituents of the essential oil Pelargonium graveolens leaves were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Thirty compounds accounting for 99.1% of the oil were identified. The mainExpand
Constituents of aromatic plants: II. Estragole.
TLDR
The formation of hepatic DNA adducts in vivo and in vitro by metabolites of ES has been demonstrated and the carcinogenicity of ES is shown. Expand
...
1
2
...