Antimicrobial activities of some novel thiazoles

Abstract

2-(4-Phenylthiazol-2(3H)-ylidene)-malononitrile was synthesized by treating 1-phenyl-2-thiocyanatoethanone with malononitrile. Reaction of 2-(4-phenylthiazol-2(3H)-ylidene)-malononitrile with hydrazine hydrate afforded 4-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-3,5-diamine, reaction with benzylidenemalononitrile yielded 2-(5-benzylidene-4-phenyl-5H-thiazol-2-ylidene)-malononitrile, and coupling with benzenediazonium chloride gave 2-(4-phenyl-5-phenylazo-3H-thiazol-2-ylidene)-malononitrile. Diaminopyrazole reacted with enaminonitrile to yield the 3-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-2,7-diamine. All synthesized compounds showed significant antimicrobial activities with MIC range of 5–750 µg/mL. The results demonstrated a correlation of the hydrophobicity of the compounds with their antimicrobial activity. The most potent antimicrobial compound was 2-(4-phenylthiazol-2(3H)-ylidene)-malononitrile.

DOI: 10.1134/S1068162016040038

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@article{AlMousawi2016AntimicrobialAO, title={Antimicrobial activities of some novel thiazoles}, author={Saleh Mohammed Al-Mousawi and Moustafa Sherief Moustafa and Esmaeil S Al-Saleh}, journal={Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry}, year={2016}, volume={42}, pages={428-433} }