Antigenic diversity within a family of M proteins from group A streptococci: evidence for the role of frameshift and compensatory mutations.

The genes (emm) encoding M proteins, from isolates of group-A streptococci (GAS) serotyped as M52, M53, M80 and M nontypeable (MNT; serologically related to M53 and M80), were examined. Characterization of emm from these GAS revealed some discrepancies with serotyping, illustrating the difficulty in serotype determination when cross-reactions occur. DNA… (More)