Antievolution and Creationism in the United States

  title={Antievolution and Creationism in the United States},
  author={Eugenie C Scott},
  journal={Annual Review of Anthropology},
  • E. Scott
  • Published 21 October 1997
  • Education
  • Annual Review of Anthropology
Evolution is considered controversial by a substantial minority of Americans. Religious opposition explains this, but this opposition is comprised of a broad continuum of religious views. It runs from “young earth creationism” through “old earth creationism” (including “day-age,” “gap,” and “progressive creationism”) to “theistic evolutionism.” Historically, antievolutionists have attempted to ban evolution and to present it on an equal footing with “creation science.” Scholars largely ignored… 
If teaching about evolution and the nature of science is to survive in America's primary and secondary schools, scientists must likewise work with teachers and reach out to state and local school boards, and argue that even modest outreach efforts to science teachers will be richly repaid.
Argumentation and fallacies in creationist writings against evolutionary theory
BackgroundThe creationist–evolutionist conflict is perhaps the most significant example of a debate about a well-supported scientific theory not readily accepted by the public.MethodsWe analyzed
Evolution as a fact? A discourse analysis
An analysis of the ‘fact of biological evolution’ discourse reveals several overarching agreements among its advocates, but also a contradictory morass of positions regarding how scientific theories, hypotheses and facts interrelate.
Darwin's Dilemma: Science in the Public Forum
This article explores the basis of the public debate between Darwinian evolution and creationism. Using dramatic analysis, we show that the source for the debate is due to what we call “Darwin's
In Six Days: The Creation Study Committee and the PCA’s Struggle for Consensus on Anti-Darwinism
This thesis explores the historic struggle and development of the American Evangelical community to form a unified front against naturalistic evolution during the twentieth century: focusing on the
Creationism in the United States: I. Banning Evolution from the Classroom
A LTHOUGH evolution is the unifying theme for understanding life and "one of the best documented, most compelling and exciting concepts in all of science" (Gould 1983), it is being challenged-not by
Neutralizing Problematic Frames in the Culture Wars: Anti‐Evolutionists Grapple with Religion
This article contributes to the literature on culture wars work by examining how anti-evolutionists neutralize the framing of their position as religious. Their efforts are uncovered by analyzing 570
Creatio Ex Nihilo and the Literal Qur'an
Abstract: In the modern age, the confl ict between science and religion manifests itself in the debate between evolution and creation. If we adopt a creationist’s reading of the Qur’ān, we discover
Scientific Controversies and Boundary Disputes: The Intelligent Design Movement Network
Although anti-evolutionism has existed for well over a century, recent evolutionary critics have used non-theistic arguments to attempt to show that Darwinian evolution could not have produced some
Experiential Thinking in Creationism—A Textual Analysis
It is proposed that science educators would benefit from the systematic analysis of experiential thinking patterns and fallacies in creationist texts and pro-evolutionary rebuttals in order to concentrate on scientific misconceptions instead of the scientifically irrelevant aspects of the creationist—evolutionist debate.


Science and Earth History: The Evolution/Creation Controversy
This comprehensive treatment of the ongoing conflict between creationists and evolutionary scientists carefully examines creationists' claims of scientific evidence for the six-day divine creation of the universe, followed by the catastrophic flood of Noah, as claimed in "Genesis".
A N Y CAUSES A N D MOVEMENTS were discussed during the “Flight from Science and Reason” conference that occasioned this M volume. Most reject science as a way of knowing, or denigrate logic or
The Elusive Scientific Basis of Creation "Science"
Is there, as claimed, scientific support for "scientific creationism"? If so, arguments that scientific creationism is a legitimate scientific discipline deserving "equal time" with evolution in
Scientists confront creationism
The recent massive attack by fundamentalist Christians on the teaching of evolution in the schools has left scientists indignant and somewhat bewildered. Creationist arguments have seemed to them a
The Evolution-Creation Controversy: Opinions of Ohio High School Biology Teachers
The results indicated that Ohio high school biology teachers are far more likely tosupport the teaching of evolution, and far less likely to support the Teaching of creationism than is the public at large.
Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution
The teaching of Darwin's theories has been a controversial issue in American high schools for over a century. Larson shows that the matter has still not been resolved today, although the issue is no
Effects of the Scopes Trial
Readers may choose their own villain in the story we have told. Like us, some will find the greatest culpability in the scientific community itself, for the large-scale failure to pay attention to
Natural theology : or, evidences of the existence and attributes of the Deity : collected from the appearances of nature
1. State of the argument 2. State of the argument continued 3. Application of the argument 4. Of the succession of plants and animals 5. Application of the argument continued 6. The argument
But is it science? : the philosophical question in the creation/evolution controversy
This collection of essays answers questions and many more about the creation/evolution controversy and the very nature of science itself.
Can the earth be dated from decay of its magnetic field
Thomas G. Barnes, Emeritus Professor of Physics at the University of Texas, El Paso, and a creationist, argues that the geomagnetic field was created by unknown processes at the time of creation of