Antibodies to proteinase 3 prime human oral, lung, and kidney epithelial cells to secrete proinflammatory cytokines upon stimulation with agonists to various Toll-like receptors, NOD1, and NOD2.

@article{Uehara2008AntibodiesTP,
  title={Antibodies to proteinase 3 prime human oral, lung, and kidney epithelial cells to secrete proinflammatory cytokines upon stimulation with agonists to various Toll-like receptors, NOD1, and NOD2.},
  author={Akiko Uehara and Yasuhiko Hirabayashi and Haruhiko Takada},
  journal={Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI},
  year={2008},
  volume={15 7},
  pages={
          1060-6
        }
}
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are autoantibodies, the detection of which in serum can be used in the diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). Proteinase 3 (PR3) is a major target antigen of ANCA in WG patients, and the interaction of PR3 ANCA with leukocytes causes a debilitating autoimmune disease. The first signs and symptoms in WG patients are observed in the oral cavity, lungs, and kidneys. Human epithelial cells generally do not secrete proinflammatory cytokines upon… CONTINUE READING

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